Semana 18, Lucas 7 – 9

Lectura 1, Lucas 7: 1-35

https://classic.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+7%3A1-35&version=RVR1960

Lucas 7

• Jesús sana al siervo de un centurión

1. Pregunta: En lugar de rogarle a nuestro Padre Celestial que sane a alguien en base a los méritos de lo que había hecho (3-5), ¿cómo nos ha enseñado Jesús a preguntar y por qué (ver Juan 14: 12-13)?

¿Qué era inusual en la demostración de la fe del centurión que hizo que Jesús se maravillara de cuánta fe tenía?

• Jesús resucita al hijo de la viuda de Nain

2. Pregunta: Cuando Jesús hizo milagros y buenas obras, ¿a quién trajo gloria?

• Juan el Bautista envía mensajeros a Jesús

3. Pregunta: ¿Cuál es la conexión entre aquellos que recibieron vs. rechazaron el bautismo de arrepentimiento de Juan, y aquellos que recibieron o rechazaron las enseñanzas de Cristo como se ve en los versículos 29-30?

• Los hombres de esta generación.

Nota: Los hombres de esa generación eran como niños jugando en el mercado inventando cosas para justificar su rebelión a Dios, pero el reino de Dios da buenos frutos que dan testimonio de su veracidad.

Lectura 2, Lucas 7: 36-8:21

https://classic.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+7%3A36-+8%3A21&version=RVR1960

• Una mujer pecadora perdonada

4. Pregunta: ¿Cómo podemos practicar ser como la mujer cuyos pecados fueron perdonados, en lugar de ser como Simón que permaneció en Su pecado (ver 1 Juan 1: 8-10)?

Lucas 8

• Muchas mujeres ministran a Jesús

• La parábola del sembrador

• El propósito de las parábolas

• La parábola del sembrador explicada

5. Pregunta: ¿Qué nos enseña esta parábola acerca de cómo llevar el fruto de la palabra de Dios y el reino de Dios en su vida?

• La parábola de la luz revelada

6. Pregunta: ¿Cómo crees que la declaración de Jesús en el versículo 18, “Por lo tanto, presta atención a cómo oyes. Para quien tiene, a él se le dará más; y quien no tenga, incluso lo que él [ci] parece tener se le quitará ”. se vincula con el propósito de las parábolas en los versículos 9-10 y la parábola del sembrador en general?

• Mi madre y mis hermanos.

7. Pregunta: ¿Por qué crees que Jesús dijo: “Mi madre y mis hermanos son los que oyen la palabra de Dios y la hacen”. Ver también Juan 1: 12-13 y 1 Juan 3: 2-6.

Lectura 3, Lucas 8: 22-56

https://classic.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+8%3A22-56&version=RVR1960

• El viento y las olas obedecen a Jesús

• Un hombre poseído por demonios sanado

8. Pregunta: ¿Cómo fue este hombre que había sido liberado de los demonios capaz de proclamar las buenas noticias en toda la ciudad de lo que Jesús hizo por Él sin mucho entrenamiento?

• Una niña restaurada a la vida y una mujer sanada

9. Pregunta: ¿Cuál es la conexión o falta de conexión entre el miedo y la fe (versículo 50)?

¿Por qué crees que Jesús dejó de lado todo lo que lo ridiculizó por decir: “ella no está muerta, sino durmiendo” antes de resucitar a la niña? (Ver también Mateo 13:58, Juan 11: 39-40.)

Lectura 4, Lucas 9: 1-27

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Lucas 9

• Enviar a los doce

10. Pregunta: ¿Cuál fue el paquete completo que Cristo dio a los discípulos cuando los envió a esta misión (1-2)?

• Herodes busca ver a Jesús

• Alimentando a los cinco mil

• Pedro confiesa a Jesús como el Cristo

• Jesús predice su muerte y resurrección

• Toma la cruz y síguele

11. Pregunta: ¿Qué crees que Jesús quiso decir con: “Si alguien desea venir detrás de mí, que se niegue a sí mismo, tome su cruz [cw] diariamente y me siga.

¿Cuál crees que es la diferencia entre compartir a Jesús y Sus palabras (versículo 26) y un método enlatado para tratar de salvar a alguien (es decir, 4 leyes espirituales)?

Lectura 5, Lucas 9:28 – 62

https://classic.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+9%3A28+-+62&version=RVR1960

• Jesús transfigurado en el monte

• Un niño está curado

• Jesús nuevamente predice su muerte

• ¿Quién es el más grande?

• Jesús prohíbe el sectarismo

• Una aldea samaritana rechaza al Salvador

• El costo del discipulado

12. Pregunta: ¿Por qué crees que Jesús le dijo a alguien que “me siguiera” y luego dijo: “Deja que los muertos entierren a sus propios muertos, pero tú ve y predica el reino de Dios”.

Week 18, Luke 7 – 9

Reading 1, Luke 7:1-35

Luke 7  

Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant

Now when He concluded all His sayings in the hearing of the people, He entered Capernaum. 2 And a certain centurion’s servant, who was dear to him, was sick and ready to die. 3 So when he heard about Jesus, he sent elders of the Jews to Him, pleading with Him to come and heal his servant. 4 And when they came to Jesus, they begged Him earnestly, saying that the one for whom He should do this was deserving, 5 “for he loves our nation, and has built us a synagogue.” 

6 Then Jesus went with them. And when He was already not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to Him, saying to Him, “Lord, do not trouble Yourself, for I am not worthy that You should enter under my roof. 7 Therefore I did not even think myself worthy to come to You. But say the word, and my servant will be healed. 8 For I also am a man placed under authority, having soldiers under me. And I say to one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.” 

9 When Jesus heard these things, He marveled at him, and turned around and said to the crowd that followed Him, “I say to you, I have not found such great faith, not even in Israel!” 10 And those who were sent, returning to the house, found the servant well [bp]who had been sick. 

  1. Question: Rather than begging our Heavenly Father to heal someone based on the merits of what they had done (3-5), how has Jesus taught us to ask and why (see John 14:12-13)? 

What was unusual in the demonstration of the centurion’s faith that caused Jesus to marvel at how much faith he had? 

Jesus Raises the Son of the Widow of Nain

11 Now it happened, the day after, that He went into a city called Nain; and many of His disciples went with Him, and a large crowd. 12 And when He came near the gate of the city, behold, a dead man was being carried out, the only son of his mother; and she was a widow. And a large crowd from the city was with her. 13 When the Lord saw her, He had compassion on her and said to her, “Do not weep.” 14 Then He came and touched the open coffin, and those who carried him stood still. And He said, “Young man, I say to you, arise.” 15 So he who was dead sat up and began to speak. And He presented him to his mother. 

16 Then fear [bq]came upon all, and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has risen up among us”; and, “God has visited His people.” 17 And this report about Him went throughout all Judea and all the surrounding region. 

  • Question:  When Jesus did miracles and good works, who did He bring glory to? 

John the Baptist Sends Messengers to Jesus

18 Then the disciples of John reported to him concerning all these things. 19 And John, calling two of his disciples to him, sent them to [br]Jesus, saying, “Are You the Coming One, or [bs]do we look for another?” 

20 When the men had come to Him, they said, “John the Baptist has sent us to You, saying, ‘Are You the Coming One, or do we look for another?’ ” 21 And that very hour He cured many of [bt]infirmities, afflictions, and evil spirits; and to many blind He gave sight. 

22 Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things you have seen and heard: that the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, the poor have the gospel preached to them. 23 And blessed is he who is not [bu]offended because of Me.” 

24 When the messengers of John had departed, He began to speak to the multitudes concerning John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 25 But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft garments? Indeed those who are gorgeously appareled and live in luxury are in kings’ courts. 26 But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and more than a prophet.27 This is he of whom it is written: 

‘Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, 
Who will prepare Your way before You.’ 

28 For I say to you, among those born of women there is [bv]not a greater prophet than John the Baptist; but he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.” 

29 And when all the people heard Him, even the tax collectors [bw]justified God, having been baptized with the baptism of John. 30 But the Pharisees and [bx]lawyers rejected the will of God for themselves, not having been baptized by him. 

  • Question: What is the connection between those that received vs. rejected the baptism of repentance of John, and those that received or rejected the teachings of Christ as seen in verses 29-30? 

31 [by]And the Lord said, “To what then shall I liken the men of this generation, and what are they like? 32 They are like children sitting in the marketplace and calling to one another, saying: 

‘We played the flute for you, 
And you did not dance; 
We mourned to you, 
And you did not weep.’ 

33 For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ 34 The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Look, a glutton and a [bz]wine bibber, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 35 But wisdom is justified by all her children.” 

Note: The men of that generation were like children playing in the market place just making up stuff to justify their rebellion to God, but the kingdom of God bears good fruit that testifies to it’s truthfulness. 

Reading 2, Luke 7:36- 8:21

A Sinful Woman Forgiven

36 Then one of the Pharisees asked Him to eat with him. And He went to the Pharisee’s house, and sat down to eat. 37 And behold, a woman in the city who was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at the table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of fragrant oil, 38 and stood at His feet behind Him weeping; and she began to wash His feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head; and she kissed His feet and anointed them with the fragrant oil. 39 Now when the Pharisee who had invited Him saw this, he spoke to himself, saying, “This Man, if He were a prophet, would know who and what manner of woman this is who is touching Him, for she is a sinner.” 

40 And Jesus answered and said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.” 

So he said, “Teacher, say it.” 

41 “There was a certain creditor who had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42 And when they had nothing with which to repay, he freely forgave them both. Tell Me, therefore, which of them will love him more?” 

43 Simon answered and said, “I suppose the one whom he forgave more.” 

And He said to him, “You have rightly judged.” 44 Then He turned to the woman and said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered your house; you gave Me no water for My feet, but she has washed My feet with her tears and wiped them with the hair of her head. 45 You gave Me no kiss, but this woman has not ceased to kiss My feet since the time I came in. 46 You did not anoint My head with oil, but this woman has anointed My feet with fragrant oil. 47 Therefore I say to you, her sins, which are many, are forgiven, for she loved much. But to whom little is forgiven, the same loves little.” 

48 Then He said to her, “Your sins are forgiven.” 

49 And those who sat at the table with Him began to say to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?” 

50 Then He said to the woman, “Your faith has saved you. Go in peace.” 

  • Question: How can we practice being like the woman whose sins were forgiven, rather than being like Simon who remained in His sin (see 1 John 1:8-10)? 

Many Women Minister to Jesus

Luke 8  

Now it came to pass, afterward, that He went through every city and village, preaching and [ca]bringing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God. And the twelve were with Him, 2 and certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and [cb]infirmities—Mary called Magdalene, out of whom had come seven demons, 3 and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who provided for [cc]Him from their [cd]substance. 

The Parable of the Sower

4 And when a great multitude had gathered, and they had come to Him from every city, He spoke by a parable: 5 “A sower went out to sow his seed. And as he sowed, some fell by the wayside; and it was trampled down, and the birds of the air devoured it. 6 Some fell on rock; and as soon as it sprang up, it withered away because it lacked moisture. 7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up with it and choked it.8 But others fell on good ground, sprang up, and yielded [ce]a crop a hundredfold.” When He had said these things He cried, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear!” 

The Purpose of Parables

9 Then His disciples asked Him, saying, “What does this parable mean?” 

10 And He said, “To you it has been given to know the [cf]mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is given in parables, that 

‘Seeing they may not see, 
And hearing they may not understand.’ 

The Parable of the Sower Explained

11 “Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. 12 Those by the wayside are the ones who hear; then the devil comes and takes away the word out of their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved.13 But the ones on the rock are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who believe for a while and in time of [cg]temptation fall away. 14 Now the ones that fell among thorns are those who, when they have heard, go out and are choked with cares, riches, and pleasures of life, and bring no fruit to maturity. 15 But the ones that fell on the good ground are those who, having heard the word with a noble and good heart, keep it and bear fruit with patience.[ch] 

  • Question: What does this parable teach us about how to bear the fruit of God’s word and kingdom of God in your life?

The Parable of the Revealed Light

16 “No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a vessel or puts it under a bed, but sets it on a lampstand, that those who enter may see the light. 17 For nothing is secret that will not be revealed, nor anything hidden that will not be known and come to light. 18 Therefore take heed how you hear. For whoever has, to him more will be given; and whoever does not have, even what he [ci]seems to have will be taken from him.” 

  • Question: How do you think Jesus’ statement in verse 18, “Therefore take heed how you hear. For whoever has, to him more will be given; and whoever does not have, even what he [ci]seems to have will be taken from him.” ties in with the purpose of parables in verses 9-10 and the parable of the sower in general? 

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers Come to Him

19 Then His mother and brothers came to Him, and could not approach Him because of the crowd. 20 And it was told Him by some, who said, “Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, desiring to see You.” 

21 But He answered and said to them, “My mother and My brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it.” 

  • Question: Why do you think Jesus said, “My mother and My brothers are these who hear the word of God and do it.”  See also John 1:12-13 and 1 John 3:2-6. 

Reading 3, Luke 8:22-56

Wind and Wave Obey Jesus

22 Now it happened, on a certain day, that He got into a boat with His disciples. And He said to them, “Let us cross over to the other side of the lake.” And they launched out. 23 But as they sailed He fell asleep. And a windstorm came down on the lake, and they were filling with water, and were in [cj]jeopardy. 24 And they came to Him and awoke Him, saying, “Master, Master, we are perishing!” 

Then He arose and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water. And they ceased, and there was a calm. 25 But He said to them, “Where is your faith?” 

And they were afraid, and marveled, saying to one another, “Who can this be? For He commands even the winds and water, and they obey Him!” 

A Demon-Possessed Man Healed

26 Then they sailed to the country of the [ck]Gadarenes, which is opposite Galilee. 27 And when He stepped out on the land, there met Him a certain man from the city who had demons [cl]for a long time. And he wore no clothes, nor did he live in a house but in the tombs. 28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out, fell down before Him, and with a loud voice said, “What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me!” 29 For He had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For it had often seized him, and he was kept under guard, bound with chains and shackles; and he broke the bonds and was driven by the demon into the wilderness. 

30 Jesus asked him, saying, “What is your name?” 

And he said, “Legion,” because many demons had entered him. 31 And they begged Him that He would not command them to go out into the abyss. 

32 Now a herd of many swine was feeding there on the mountain. So they begged Him that He would permit them to enter them. And He permitted them. 33 Then the demons went out of the man and entered the swine, and the herd ran violently down the steep place into the lake and drowned. 

34 When those who fed them saw what had happened, they fled and told it in the city and in the country. 35 Then they went out to see what had happened, and came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind. And they were afraid. 36 They also who had seen it told them by what means he who had been demon-possessed was [cm]healed. 37 Then the whole multitude of the surrounding region of the [cn]Gadarenes asked Him to depart from them, for they were seized with great fear. And He got into the boat and returned. 

38 Now the man from whom the demons had departed begged Him that he might be with Him. But Jesus sent him away, saying, 39 “Return to your own house, and tell what great things God has done for you.” And he went his way and proclaimed throughout the whole city what great things Jesus had done for him. 

  • Question: How was this man who had been delivered from demons able to proclaim the good news throughout the city of what Jesus did for Him without a lot of training? 

A Girl Restored to Life and a Woman Healed

40 So it was, when Jesus returned, that the multitude welcomed Him, for they were all waiting for Him. 41 And behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. And he fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged Him to come to his house, 42 for he had an only daughter about twelve years of age, and she was dying. 

But as He went, the multitudes thronged Him. 43 Now a woman, having a flow of blood for twelve years, who had spent all her livelihood on physicians and could not be healed by any, 44 came from behind and touched the border of His garment. And immediately her flow of blood stopped. 

45 And Jesus said, “Who touched Me?” 

When all denied it, Peter [co]and those with him said, “Master, the multitudes throng and press You, [cp]and You say, ‘Who touched Me?’ ” 

46 But Jesus said, “Somebody touched Me, for I perceived power going out from Me.” 47 Now when the woman saw that she was not hidden, she came trembling; and falling down before Him, she declared to Him in the presence of all the people the reason she had touched Him and how she was healed immediately. 

48 And He said to her, “Daughter, [cq]be of good cheer; your faith has made you well. Go in peace.” 

49 While He was still speaking, someone came from the ruler of the synagogue’s house, saying to him, “Your daughter is dead. Do not trouble the [cr]Teacher.” 

50 But when Jesus heard it, He answered him, saying, “Do not be afraid; only believe, and she will be made well.” 51 When He came into the house, He permitted no one to go [cs]in except [ct]Peter, James, and John, and the father and mother of the girl. 52 Now all wept and mourned for her; but He said, “Do not weep; she is not dead, but sleeping.” 53 And they ridiculed Him, knowing that she was dead. 

54 But He [cu]put them all outside, took her by the hand and called, saying, “Little girl, arise.” 55 Then her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. And He commanded that she be given something to eat. 56 And her parents were astonished, but He charged them to tell no one what had happened. 

  • Question: What is the connection, or lack of connection between fear and faith (verse 50)? 

Why do you think Jesus put outside all that ridiculed Him for saying, “she is not dead, but sleeping” before raising the girl to life?  (See also Matthew 13:58, John 11:39-40.) 

Reading 4, Luke 9: 1-27

Sending Out the Twelve

Luke 9 

Then He called His twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases. 2 He sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick. 3 And He said to them, “Take nothing for the journey, neither staffs nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have two tunics apiece. 

4 “Whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. 5 And whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet as a testimony against them.” 

6 So they departed and went through the towns, preaching the gospel and healing everywhere. 

10. Question:  What was the whole package Christ gave the disciples when He sent them out on this mission (1-2)? 

Herod Seeks to See Jesus

7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by Him; and he was perplexed, because it was said by some that John had risen from the dead, 8 and by some that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the old prophets had risen again. 9 Herod said, “John I have beheaded, but who is this of whom I hear such things?” So he sought to see Him. 

Feeding the Five Thousand

10 And the apostles, when they had returned, told Him all that they had done. Then He took them and went aside privately into a deserted place belonging to the city called Bethsaida. 11 But when the multitudes knew it, they followed Him; and He received them and spoke to them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who had need of healing. 12 When the day began to wear away, the twelve came and said to Him, “Send the multitude away, that they may go into the surrounding towns and country, and lodge and get provisions; for we are in a deserted place here.” 

13 But He said to them, “You give them something to eat.” 

And they said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we go and buy food for all these people.” 14 For there were about five thousand men. 

Then He said to His disciples, “Make them sit down in groups of fifty.”15 And they did so, and made them all sit down. 

16 Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, He blessed and broke them, and gave them to the disciples to set before the multitude. 17 So they all ate and were [cv]filled, and twelve baskets of the leftover fragments were taken up by them. 

Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ

18 And it happened, as He was alone praying, that His disciples joined Him, and He asked them, saying, “Who do the crowds say that I am?” 

19 So they answered and said, “John the Baptist, but some say Elijah; and others say that one of the old prophets has risen again.” 

20 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” 

Peter answered and said, “The Christ of God.” 

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

21 And He strictly warned and commanded them to tell this to no one, 22 saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.” 

Take Up the Cross and Follow Him

23 Then He said to them all, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross [cw]daily, and follow Me. 24 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will save it. 25 For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and is himself destroyed or lost? 26 For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, of him the Son of Man will be ashamed when He comes in His own glory, and in His Father’s, and of the holy angels. 27 But I tell you truly, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the kingdom of God.” 

11. Question: What do you think Jesus meant by, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross [cw]daily, and follow Me.  

What do you think is the difference between sharing Jesus and His words (verse 26), and a canned method of trying to get someone saved (I.e., 4 spiritual laws)?  

Reading 5, Luke 9:28 – 62

Jesus Transfigured on the Mount

28 Now it came to pass, about eight days after these sayings, that He took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to pray. 29 As He prayed, the appearance of His face was altered, and His robe became white and glistening. 30 And behold, two men talked with Him, who were Moses and Elijah, 31 who appeared in glory and spoke of His [cx]decease which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. 32 But Peter and those with him were heavy with sleep; and when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men who stood with Him. 33 Then it happened, as they were parting from Him, that Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three [cy]tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”—not knowing what he said. 

34 While he was saying this, a cloud came and overshadowed them; and they were fearful as they entered the cloud. 35 And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is [cz]My beloved Son. Hear Him!” 36 When the voice had ceased, Jesus was found alone. But they kept quiet, and told no one in those days any of the things they had seen. 

A Boy Is Healed

37 Now it happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met Him. 38 Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, “Teacher, I implore You, look on my son, for he is my only child. 39 And behold, a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries out; it convulses him so that he foams at the mouth; and it departs from him with great difficulty, bruising him. 40 So I implored Your disciples to cast it out, but they could not.” 

41 Then Jesus answered and said, “O [da]faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and [db]bear with you? Bring your son here.” 42 And as he was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him. Then Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the child, and gave him back to his father. 

Jesus Again Foretells His Death

43 And they were all amazed at the majesty of God. 

But while everyone marveled at all the things which Jesus did, He said to His disciples, 44 “Let these words sink down into your ears, for the Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men.” 45 But they did not understand this saying, and it was hidden from them so that they did not perceive it; and they were afraid to ask Him about this saying. 

Who Is the Greatest?

46 Then a dispute arose among them as to which of them would be greatest. 47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a little child and set him by Him, 48 and said to them, “Whoever receives this little child in My name receives Me; and whoever receives Me receives Him who sent Me. For he who is least among you all will be great.” 

Jesus Forbids Sectarianism

49 Now John answered and said, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in Your name, and we forbade him because he does not follow with us.” 

50 But Jesus said to him, “Do not forbid him, for he who is not against[dc]us is on [dd]our side.” 

A Samaritan Village Rejects the Savior

51 Now it came to pass, when the time had come for Him to be received up, that He steadfastly set His face to go to Jerusalem, 52 and sent messengers before His face. And as they went, they entered a village of the Samaritans, to prepare for Him. 53 But they did not receive Him, because His face was set for the journey to Jerusalem. 54 And when His disciples James and John saw this, they said, “Lord, do You want us to command fire to come down from heaven and consume them, [de]just as Elijah did?” 

55 But He turned and rebuked them, [df]and said, “You do not know what manner of spirit you are of. 56 [dg]For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives but to save them.” And they went to another village. 

The Cost of Discipleship

57 Now it happened as they journeyed on the road, that someone said to Him, “Lord, I will follow You wherever You go.” 

58 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” 

59 Then He said to another, “Follow Me.” 

But he said, “Lord, let me first go and bury my father.” 

60 Jesus said to him, “Let the dead bury their own dead, but you go and preach the kingdom of God.” 

61 And another also said, “Lord, I will follow You, but let me first go and bid them farewell who are at my house.” 

62 But Jesus said to him, “No one, having put his hand to the plow, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.” 

12. Question: Why do you think Jesus told someone to, “follow me,” and then said, “Let the dead bury their own dead, but you go and preach the kingdom of God.” 

Semana 17 – Lucas 4-6

Lectura 1, Lucas 4: 1-30

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+4%3A1-30&version=RVR1960

Lucas 4

• Satanás tienta a Jesús

Nota de estudio: Ver también Hebreos 4: 14-16.

1. Pregunta (1-4): ¿Qué estaba el diablo tentando a Jesús a hacer, y qué cebo usó el diablo para tentarlo?

2. Pregunta (5-8): ¿Cómo crees que “toda esta autoridad” fue entregada al diablo? ¿Qué estaba el diablo tentando a Jesús a hacer, y qué cebo el diablo solía tentarlo?

3. Pregunta (9-13): ¿Qué estaba el diablo tentando a Jesús a hacer, y qué cebo usó el diablo para tentarlo?

• Jesús comienza su ministerio en Galilea

• Jesús rechazado en Nazaret

4. Pregunta: ¿Qué fue lo que enfureció tanto a las personas en la sinagoga que trataron de matar a Jesús?

Lectura 2, Lucas 4: 31-5: 16

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+4%3A31-5%3A16&version=RVR1960

• Jesús arroja un espíritu inmundo

• La suegra de Peter sanada

• Muchos sanaron después del atardecer del sábado

• Jesús predica en Galilea

Lucas 5

• Cuatro pescadores llamados discípulos

5. Pregunta: ¿Cuál fue el propósito y el impacto del milagro de la gran captura de peces?

• Jesús limpia a un leproso

Lectura 3, Lucas 5: 17-Lucas 6:11

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+5%3A17-Luke+6%3A11++&version=RVR1960

• Jesús perdona y cura a un paralítico

• Matthew el recaudador de impuestos

6. Pregunta: ¿Qué crees que quiso decir Jesús cuando dijo: “Los que están bien no necesitan un médico, sino los que están enfermos. 32 No he venido a llamar a justos, sino a pecadores, al arrepentimiento “.

• Jesús es cuestionado sobre el ayuno

Lucas 6

• Jesús es el señor del sábado

Nota: Jesús enseñó que el hombre no fue hecho para el sábado sino que el sábado fue hecho para el hombre. En la sabiduría infinita de Dios, sabía que las personas que creó necesitaban un día de descanso cada semana de su trabajo. Este también iba a ser un día para que Su pueblo recordara a su Dios, ejerciera confianza en Él para su provisión y estuviera agradecido por todas sus bendiciones que vinieron de Él. Los líderes religiosos, cuyos corazones estaban lejos de Dios, convirtieron el sábado en otra caja de justicia propia para marcar, e hicieron reglas adicionales a su alrededor para asegurarse de que todos no rompieran el sábado. Sostenían estas reglas adicionales tan importantes como la Palabra de Dios. Jesús habló en contra de esto en Mateo 15: 9.

• Curación en el día de reposo

7. Pregunta: ¿Cuál fue el problema que los escribas y fariseos tuvieron con Jesús en lo anterior (6-11)? ¿Cuál fue el problema de Dios con ellos? ¿Respondió Jesús a sus palabras o pensamientos? ¿Cuán importantes son nuestros pensamientos ante Dios?

Lectura 4, Lucas 6: 12-36

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+6%3A12-36&version=RVR1960

• Los doce apóstoles y Jesús cura a una gran multitud

8. Pregunta: ¿Por qué Jesús pasó tanto tiempo solo hablando con su Padre? ¿Qué hizo y qué sucedió después de su noche de hablar con el Padre?

• Las bienaventuranzas

9. Pregunta: De lo que has aprendido hasta ahora en los Evangelios, ¿de qué crees que Jesús está hablando en los versículos 20-23?

• Jesús pronuncia ayes

10. Pregunta: ¿De qué crees que Jesús está hablando en los cuatro males en los versículos 24-26?

• Ama a tus enemigos

11. Pregunta: ¿Qué hay en el corazón de la enseñanza de Jesús a las diversas formas de amar a sus enemigos en los versículos 27 a 35 (pista, véanse los versículos 35 a 36)? (Ver también Mateo 12:50, 1 Juan 4: 16-17)

Lectura 5, Lucas 6: 37-49

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+6%3A37-49+&version=RVR1960

•  No juzgues

12. Pregunta: ¿Por qué no debemos juzgar o condenar, sino perdonar?

• ¿Puede el ciego guiar al ciego?

13. Pregunta: ¿Qué representa una persona ciega en lo anterior? De lo que has aprendido hasta ahora, ¿qué puede ayudarte a concentrarte en sacar la tabla de tu propio ojo antes de preocuparte por quitarle la mancha al ojo de tu hermano?

• Un árbol es conocido por su fruto

14. Pregunta: ¿Cómo se ve nuestra fruta? Si nuestra fruta no es buena, ¿qué hacemos al respecto?

• Construir sobre la roca

15. Pregunta: ¿la persona que escucha lo que Jesús dice y lo pone en práctica demuestra qué (ver 46-47)? ¿Qué beneficio (s) encuentras para poner en práctica las palabras de Jesús de lo que dice arriba?

Week 17 – Luke 4-6

Reading 1, Luke 4:1-30

Luke 4  

Satan Tempts Jesus

Then Jesus, being filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit [ac]into the wilderness, 2 being [ad]tempted for forty days by the devil. And in those days He ate nothing, and afterward, when they had ended, He was hungry. 

Study Note: See also Hebrews 4:14-16. 

3 And the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.” 

4 But Jesus answered him, saying, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, [ae]but by every word of God.’ ” 

  1. Question: What was the devil tempting Jesus to do, and what was bait the devil used to tempt Him. 

5 [af]Then the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 And the devil said to Him, “All this authority I will give You, and their glory; for this has been delivered to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. 7 Therefore, if You will worship before me, all will be Yours.” 
 
8 And Jesus answered and said to him, [ag]“Get behind Me, Satan! [ah]For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and Him only you shall serve.’ ” 

2. Question:  How do you think “all this authority” was delivered to the devil?  What was the devil tempting Jesus to do, and what was bait the devil used to tempt Him. 

9 Then he brought Him to Jerusalem, set Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here. 10 For it is written: 

‘He shall give His angels charge over you, 
To keep you,’ 

11 and, 

‘In their hands they shall bear you up, 
Lest you dash your foot against a stone.’ ” 

12 And Jesus answered and said to him, “It has been said, ‘You shall not[ai]tempt the Lord your God.’ ” 

13 Now when the devil had ended every [aj]temptation, he departed from Him until an opportune time. 

3. Question: What was the devil tempting Jesus to do, and what was bait the devil used to tempt Him. 

Jesus Begins His Galilean Ministry

14 Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news of Him went out through all the surrounding region. 15 And He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all. 

Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

16 So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. 17 And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written: 

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, 
Because He has anointed Me 
To preach the gospel to the poor; 
He has sent Me [ak]to heal the brokenhearted, 
To proclaim liberty to the captives 
And recovery of sight to the blind, 
To set at liberty those who are [al]oppressed; 
19 To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.” 

20 Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him. 21 And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” 22 So all bore witness to Him, and marveled at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said, “Is this not Joseph’s son?” 

23 He said to them, “You will surely say this proverb to Me, ‘Physician, heal yourself! Whatever we have heard done in Capernaum,[am] do also here in Your country.’ ” 24 Then He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, no prophet is accepted in his own country. 25 But I tell you truly, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, and there was a great famine throughout all the land; 26 but to none of them was Elijah sent except to[an]Zarephath, in the region of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow.27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and none of them was cleansed except Naaman the Syrian.” 

28 So all those in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with [ao]wrath, 29 and rose up and thrust Him out of the city; and they led Him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, that they might throw Him down over the cliff. 30 Then passing through the midst of them, He went His way. 

4. Question:  What was it that angered the people in the synagogue so much that they tried to kill Jesus? 

Reading 2, Luke 4:31-5:16

Jesus Casts Out an Unclean Spirit

31 Then He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths. 32 And they were astonished at His teaching, for His word was with authority. 33 Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice, 34 saying, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are—the Holy One of God!” 

35 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, [ap]“Be quiet, and come out of him! ”And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him and did not hurt him. 36 Then they were all amazed and spoke among themselves, saying, “What a word this is! For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.” 37 And the report about Him went out into every place in the surrounding region. 

Peter’s Mother-in-Law Healed 

38 Now He arose from the synagogue and entered Simon’s house. But Simon’s wife’s mother was [aq]sick with a high fever, and they made request of Him concerning her. 39 So He stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. And immediately she arose and served them. 

Many Healed After Sabbath Sunset

40 When the sun was setting, all those who had any that were sick with various diseases brought them to Him; and He laid His hands on every one of them and healed them. 41 And demons also came out of many, crying out and saying, “You are [ar]the Christ, the Son of God!” 

And He, rebuking them, did not allow them to [as]speak, for they knew that He was the Christ. 

Jesus Preaches in Galilee

42 Now when it was day, He departed and went into a deserted place. And the crowd sought Him and came to Him, and tried to keep Him from leaving them; 43 but He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, because for this purpose I have been sent.”44 And He was preaching in the synagogues of [at]Galilee. 

Luke 5  

Four Fishermen Called as Disciples

So it was, as the multitude pressed about Him to hear the word of God, that He stood by the Lake of Gennesaret, 2 and saw two boats standing by the lake; but the fishermen had gone from them and were washing their nets. 3 Then He got into one of the boats, which was Simon’s, and asked him to put out a little from the land. And He sat down and taught the multitudes from the boat. 

4 When He had stopped speaking, He said to Simon, “Launch out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.” 

5 But Simon answered and said to Him, “Master, we have toiled all night and caught nothing; nevertheless at Your word I will let down the net.” 6 And when they had done this, they caught a great number of fish, and their net was breaking. 7 So they signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. And they came and filled both the boats, so that they began to sink. 8 When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord!” 

9 For he and all who were with him were astonished at the catch of fish which they had taken; 10 and so also were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, “Do not be afraid. From now on you will catch men.” 11 So when they had brought their boats to land, they [au]forsook all and followed Him. 

5. Question:  What was the purpose and impact of the miracle of the great catch of fish? 

Jesus Cleanses a Leper

12 And it happened when He was in a certain city, that behold, a man who was full of leprosy saw Jesus; and he fell on his face and [av]implored Him, saying, “Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean.” 

13 Then He put out His hand and touched him, saying, “I am willing; be cleansed.” Immediately the leprosy left him. 14 And He charged him to tell no one, “But go and show yourself to the priest, and make an offering for your cleansing, as a testimony to them, just as Moses commanded.” 

15 However, the report went around concerning Him all the more; and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by Him of their infirmities. 16 So He Himself often withdrew into the wilderness and prayed. 

Reading 3, Luke 5:17-Luke 6:11  

Jesus Forgives and Heals a Paralytic

17 Now it happened on a certain day, as He was teaching, that there were Pharisees and teachers of the law sitting by, who had come out of every town of Galilee, Judea, and Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was present[aw]to heal them. 18 Then behold, men brought on a bed a man who was paralyzed, whom they sought to bring in and lay before Him. 19 And when they could not find how they might bring him in, because of the crowd, they went up on the housetop and let him down with his bed through the tiling into the midst before Jesus. 

20 When He saw their faith, He said to him, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.” 

21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, “Who is this who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God alone?” 

22 But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, He answered and said to them, “Why are you reasoning in your hearts? 23 Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Rise up and walk’? 24 But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins”—He said to the man who was paralyzed, “I say to you, arise, take up your bed, and go to your house.” 

25 Immediately he rose up before them, took up what he had been lying on, and departed to his own house, glorifying God. 26 And they were all amazed, and they glorified God and were filled with fear, saying, “We have seen strange things today!” 

Matthew the Tax Collector

27 After these things He went out and saw a tax collector named Levi, sitting at the tax office. And He said to him, “Follow Me.” 28 So he left all, rose up, and followed Him. 

29 Then Levi gave Him a great feast in his own house. And there were a great number of tax collectors and others who sat down with them. 30 [ax]And their scribes and the Pharisees [ay]complained against His disciples, saying, “Why do You eat and drink with tax collectors and sinners?” 

31 Jesus answered and said to them, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. 32 I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance.” 

6. Question: What do you think Jesus meant when He said, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. 32 I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners, to repentance.” 

Jesus Is Questioned About Fasting

33 Then they said to Him, “Why[az] do the disciples of John fast often and make prayers, and likewise those of the Pharisees, but Yours eat and drink?” 

34 And He said to them, “Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? 35 But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them; then they will fast in those days.” 

36 Then He spoke a parable to them: “No one [ba]puts a piece from a new garment on an old one; otherwise the new makes a tear, and also the piece that was taken out of the new does not match the old. 37 And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; or else the new wine will burst the wineskins and be spilled, and the wineskins will be ruined. 38 But new wine must be put into new wineskins, [bb]and both are preserved. 39 And no one, having drunk old wine,[bc]immediately desires new; for he says, ‘The old is [bd]better.’ ” 

Luke 6  

Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

Now it happened [be]on the second Sabbath after the first that He went through the grain fields. And His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate them, rubbing them in their hands. 2 And some of the Pharisees said to them, “Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?” 

3 But Jesus answering them said, “Have you not even read this, what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: 4 how he went into the house of God, took and ate the showbread, and also gave some to those with him, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat?” 5 And He said to them, “The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.” 

Note: Jesus taught that man was not made for the Sabbath but the Sabbath was made for man.  In God’s infinite wisdom, He knew that the people He created needed a day of rest each week from their labor.  This was also to be a day for His people to remember their God, exercise trust in Him for their provision, and be thankful for all their blessings that came from Him.  The religious leaders, whose hearts were far from God, turned the Sabbath into another self-righteous box to check off, and made extra rules around it to make sure everyone did not break the Sabbath.  They held these extra rules up as being as important as the Word of God.  Jesus spoke against this in Matthew 15:9. 

Healing on the Sabbath

6 Now it happened on another Sabbath, also, that He entered the synagogue and taught. And a man was there whose right hand was withered. 7 So the scribes and Pharisees watched Him closely, whether He would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against Him. 8 But He knew their thoughts, and said to the man who had the withered hand, “Arise and stand here.” And he arose and stood. 9 Then Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or [bf]to destroy?” 10 And when He had looked around at them all, He said to [bg]the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so, and his hand was restored [bh]as whole as the other. 11 But they were filled with rage, and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus. 

7. Question: What was the problem the scribes and Pharisees’ had with Jesus in the above (6-11)? What was God’s problem with them?  Did Jesus respond to their words or thoughts?  How important are our thoughts before God? 

Reading 4, Luke 6:12-36

The Twelve Apostles & Jesus Heals a Great Multitude

12 Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God. 13 And when it was day, He called His disciples to Himself; and from them He chose twelve whom He also named apostles: 14 Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew; 15 Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called the Zealot; 16 Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot who also became a traitor. 

17 And He came down with them and stood on a level place with a crowd of His disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear Him and be healed of their diseases, 18 as well as those who were tormented with unclean spirits. And they were healed. 19 And the whole multitude sought to touch Him, for power went out from Him and healed them all. 

8. Question:  Why did Jesus spend so much time alone talking with His Father?  What did He do and what happened following His night of talking with the Father? 

The Beatitudes

20 Then He lifted up His eyes toward His disciples, and said: 

“Blessed are you poor, 
For yours is the kingdom of God. 
21 Blessed are you who hunger now, 
For you shall be filled.[bi] 
Blessed are you who weep now, 
For you shall laugh. 
22 Blessed are you when men hate you, 
And when they exclude you, 
And revile you, and cast out your name as evil, 
For the Son of Man’s sake. 
23 Rejoice in that day and leap for joy! 
For indeed your reward is great in heaven, 
For in like manner their fathers did to the prophets. 

9. Question:  From what you have learned so far in the Gospels, what do you think Jesus is talking about in verses 20 – 23? 

Jesus Pronounces Woes 

24 “But woe to you who are rich, 
For you have received your consolation. 
25 Woe to you who are full, 
For you shall hunger. 
Woe to you who laugh now, 
For you shall mourn and weep. 
26 Woe [bj]to you when [bk]all men speak well of you, 
For so did their fathers to the false prophets. 

10. Question:  What do you think Jesus is talking about in the four woes in verses 24-26? 

Love Your Enemies 


27 “But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28 bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you. 29 To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. And from him who takes away your cloak, do not withhold your tunic either. 30 Give to everyone who asks of you. And from him who takes away your goods do not ask them back. 31 And just as you want men to do to you, you also do to them likewise. 

32 “But if you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. 33 And if you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. 34 And if you lend to those from whom you hope to receive back, what credit is that to you? For even sinners lend to sinners to receive as much back. 35 But love your enemies, do good, and lend, [bl]hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. For He is kind to the unthankful and evil. 36 Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also is merciful. 

11. Question:  What is at the heart of Jesus’ teaching to His follower’s various ways of loving their enemies in verses 27 – 35 (hint, see verses 35 – 36)?  (See also Matthew 12:50, 1 John 4:16-17) 

Reading 5, Luke 6:37-49 

Do Not Judge

37 “Judge not, and you shall not be judged. Condemn not, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.” 

12. Question:  Why should we not judge or condemn, but rather forgive? 

39 And He spoke a parable to them: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall into the ditch? 40 A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone who is perfectly trained will be like his teacher. 41 And why do you look at the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not perceive the plank in your own eye? 42 Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the plank that is in your own eye? Hypocrite! First remove the plank from your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck that is in your brother’s eye. 

13. Question: What does a blind person in the above represent? From what you have learned so far, what can help you with focusing on getting the plank out of your own eye before worrying about getting the speck out of your brother’s eye? 

A Tree Is Known by Its Fruit 

43 “For a good tree does not bear bad fruit, nor does a bad tree bear good fruit. 44 For every tree is known by its own fruit. For men do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good; and an evil man out of the evil [bm]treasure of his heart brings forth evil. For out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks. 

14. Question: What does our fruit look like?  If our fruit is not good, what do we do about that? 

Build on the Rock 

46 “But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do the things which I say? 47 Whoever comes to Me, and hears My sayings and does them, I will show you whom he is like: 48 He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently against that house, and could not shake it, for it was [bn]founded on the rock. 49 But he who heard and did nothing is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream beat vehemently; and immediately it [bo]fell. And the ruin of that house was great.” 

15. Question: the person who hears what Jesus says and puts it into practice demonstrates what (see 46-47)?  What the benefit(s) do you find for putting Jesus words into practice from what He says above? 

Semana 16, Lucas 1 – 3

Lectura 1, Lucas 1: 1 – 25                                                                             

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+1%3A1+-+25&version=RVR1960

Lucas 1

• Dedicación a Theophilus

Nota: Se cree que el Evangelio de Lucas se escribió en algún momento entre el año 63 y 68 d. C. La primera carta que escribió el apóstol Pablo a los corintios se escribió alrededor del año 57 d. C., en la que escribió:

1 Corintios 3:  … 3 porque aún sois carnales; pues habiendo entre vosotros celos, contiendas y disensiones, ¿no sois carnales, y andáis como hombres? 4 Porque diciendo el uno: Yo ciertamente soy de Pablo; y el otro: Yo soy de Apolos, ¿no sois carnales? 5 ¿Qué, pues, es Pablo, y qué es Apolos? Servidores por medio de los cuales habéis creído; y eso según lo que a cada uno concedió el Señor. 6 Yo planté, Apolos regó; pero el crecimiento lo ha dado Dios. 7 Así que ni el que planta es algo, ni el que riega, sino Dios, que da el crecimiento. 8 Y el que planta y el que riega son una misma cosa; aunque cada uno recibirá su recompensa conforme a su labor. 9 Porque nosotros somos colaboradores de Dios, y vosotros sois labranza de Dios, edificio de Dios. 10 Conforme a la gracia de Dios que me ha sido dada, yo como perito arquitecto puse el fundamento, y otro edifica encima; pero cada uno mire cómo sobreedifica. 11 Porque nadie puede poner otro fundamento que el que está puesto, el cual es Jesucristo.

Jesus dijo:

Mateo 7: 24 Cualquiera, pues, que me oye estas palabras, y las hace, le compararé a un hombre prudente, que edificó su casa sobre la roca. 25 Descendió lluvia, y vinieron ríos, y soplaron vientos, y golpearon contra aquella casa; y no cayó, porque estaba fundada sobre la roca.1. Pregunta: ¿Cómo crees que se relacionan los siguientes tres: 1) lo que Lucas le dijo a Teófilo anteriormente sobre lo que se le había instruido, 2) lo que dijo Pablo en 1 Corintios 3 sobre la construcción de un fundamento en Jesucristo, y 3) qué ¿Cristo dijo sobre construir tu casa en la roca?

Pregunta adicional: ¿Cuáles crees que pueden ser las consecuencias involuntarias de ser débil en las enseñanzas de Jesús y ser fuerte en las enseñanzas del apóstol como comúnmente vemos en la iglesia hoy?

• Nacimiento de John anunciado a Zacharias

2. Pregunta: ¿Por qué fue enviado Juan (cuál era su propósito, 16-17)?

3. Pregunta: A pesar de todos los buenos puntos de Zacarías, ¿qué le faltaba cuando la palabra del Señor le llegó de Gabriel?

Lectura 2, Lucas 1:26 – 58

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+1%3A26+-+58&version=RVR1960

• El nacimiento de Cristo anunciado a María

• Mary visita a Elizabeth

4. Pregunta: ¿Por qué la reacción de María a lo que el ángel le dijo era aceptable y la reacción de Zacharia no a lo que el ángel le dijo que no era aceptable?

• El canto de María

• Nacimiento de Juan el Bautista

Lectura 3, Lucas 1:59 – 2:20 https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+1%3A59+%E2%80%93+2%3A20&version=RVR1960

• La circuncisión de Juan el Bautista

• La profecía de Zacarías

Lucas 2

• Cristo nacido de María

• Gloria en lo más alto

Lectura 4, Lucas 2:21 – 58

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+2%3A21+-+58&version=RVR1960

• la circuncisión de Jesús

• Jesús presentado en el templo

• Simeón ve la salvación de Dios

5. Pregunta: ¿Por qué crees que es importante que se revelen los “pensamientos de muchos”? ¿Por qué nos importa eso (35)?

• Anna es testigo del Redentor

• La familia regresa a Nazaret

• El niño Jesús sorprende a los eruditos religiosos

6. Pregunta: ¿Cuál era el negocio de su Padre y cómo sabía Jesús cuál era su negocio (49)? ¿Cómo sabemos cuál es el negocio de nuestro Padre Celestial para nosotros?

• Jesús avanza en sabiduría y favor

Lectura 5, Lucas 3: 1-38

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Luke+3%3A1-38&version=RVR1960

Lucas 3

• Juan el Bautista prepara el camino

• Juan predica a la gente

7. Pregunta: De lo que has aprendido hasta ahora en los Evangelios, ¿qué es el arrepentimiento y cómo crees que se ven (o deberían verse) los frutos del arrepentimiento en tu vida? ¿Cuáles fueron los ejemplos que dio Juan de caminar en arrepentimiento (10-15)?

• Juan bautiza a Jesús

8. Pregunta: ¿Cómo crees que Jesús agradó a Su Padre antes de que comenzara su ministerio (ver también Lucas 2: 46-49)?

• La genealogía de Jesucristo

Week 16, Luke 1-3

Reading 1, Luke 1:1 – 25

Luke 1  

Dedication to Theophilus

Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of those things which [a]have been fulfilled among us, 2 just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us, 3 it seemed good to me also, having [b]had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you an orderly account, most excellent Theophilus, 4 that you may know the certainty of those things in which you were instructed. 

Note: The Gospel of Luke is believed to have been written sometime between A.D. 63 and 68.  The first letter Paul the Apostle wrote to the Corinthians was written around 57 AD, in which he wrote:  

1 Corinthians 3:3 … for you are still carnal. For where there are envy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal and behaving like mere men? 4 For when one says, “I am of Paul,” and another, “I am of Apollos,” are you not carnal? 9 For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, you are God’s building. 10 According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder I have laid the foundation, and another builds on it. But let each one take heed how he builds on it. 11 For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 

Jesus said:

Matthew 7:24 “Therefore whoever hears these sayings of Mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man who built his house on the rock: 25 and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it did not fall, for it was founded on the rock. 

  1. Question: How do you think the follow three are related: 1) what Luke said to Theophilus above regarding what he had been instructed, 2) what Paul said in 1 Corinthians 3 about building a foundation on Jesus Christ, and 3) what Christ said about building your house on the rock?   

Bonus question: What do you think the unintended consequences may be of being weak on Jesus’ teachings while being strong on the apostle’s teachings as we commonly see in the church today? 

John’s Birth Announced to Zacharias

5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah. His wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. 7 But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both well advanced in years. 

8 So it was, that while he was serving as priest before God in the order of his division, 9 according to the custom of the priesthood, [c]his lot fell to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. 10 And the whole multitude of the people was praying outside at the hour of incense. 11 Then an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing on the right side of the altar of incense. 12 And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him. 

13 But the angel said to him, “Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your prayer is heard; and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you shall call his name John. 14 And you will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. 15 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink. He will also be filled with the Holy Spirit, even from his mother’s womb. 16 And he will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 He will also go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, ‘to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.” 

2. Question: Why was John sent (what was his purpose, 16-17)? 

18 And Zacharias said to the angel, “How shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is well advanced in years.” 

19 And the angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God, and was sent to speak to you and bring you [d]theseglad tidings. 20 But behold, you will be mute and not able to speak until the day these things take place, because you did not believe my words which will be fulfilled in their own time.” 

21 And the people waited for Zacharias, and marveled that he lingered so long in the temple. 22 But when he came out, he could not speak to them; and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple, for he beckoned to them and remained speechless. 

3. Question: In spite of all of Zacharias’ good points, what did he lack when the word of the Lord came to him from Gabriel? 

23 So it was, as soon as the days of his service were completed, that he departed to his own house. 24 Now after those days his wife Elizabeth conceived; and she hid herself five months, saying, 25 “Thus the Lord has dealt with me, in the days when He looked on me, to take away my reproach among people.” 

Reading 2, Luke 1:26 – 58

Christ’s Birth Announced to Mary

26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, 27 to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 And having come in, the angel said to her, “Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; [e]blessed are you among women!” 

29 But [f]when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was. 30 Then the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31 And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. 32 He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. 33 And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.” 

34 Then Mary said to the angel, “How can this be, since I [g]do not know a man?” 

35 And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God. 36 Now indeed, Elizabeth your relative has also conceived a son in her old age; and this is now the sixth month for her who was called barren. 37 For with God nothing will be impossible.” 

38 Then Mary said, “Behold the maidservant of the Lord! Let it be to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her. 

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39 Now Mary arose in those days and went into the hill country with haste, to a city of Judah, 40 and entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41 And it happened, when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, that the babe leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 42 Then she spoke out with a loud voice and said, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43 But why is this granted to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For indeed, as soon as the voice of your greeting sounded in my ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. 45 Blessed is she who [h]believed, for there will be a fulfillment of those things which were told her from the Lord.” 

4. Question: Why was Mary’s reaction to the what the angel told her acceptable and Zacharia’s reaction not to what the angel told him not acceptable? 

The Song of Mary

46 And Mary said: 

“My soul [i]magnifies the Lord, 
47 And my spirit has rejoiced in God my Savior. 
48 For He has regarded the lowly state of His maidservant; 
For behold, henceforth all generations will call me blessed. 
49 For He who is mighty has done great things for me, 
And holy is His name. 
50 And His mercy is on those who fear Him 
From generation to generation. 
51 He has shown strength with His arm; 
He has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. 
52 He has put down the mighty from their thrones, 
And exalted the lowly. 
53 He has filled the hungry with good things, 
And the rich He has sent away empty. 
54 He has helped His servant Israel, 
In remembrance of His mercy, 
55 As He spoke to our fathers, 
To Abraham and to his seed forever.” 

56 And Mary remained with her about three months, and returned to her house. 

Birth of John the Baptist

57 Now Elizabeth’s full time came for her to be delivered, and she brought forth a son. 58 When her neighbors and relatives heard how the Lord had shown great mercy to her, they rejoiced with her. 

Reading 3, Luke 1:59 – 2:20

Circumcision of John the Baptist

59 So it was, on the eighth day, that they came to circumcise the child; and they would have called him by the name of his father, Zacharias. 60 His mother answered and said, “No; he shall be called John.” 

61 But they said to her, “There is no one among your relatives who is called by this name.” 62 So they made signs to his father—what he would have him called. 

63 And he asked for a writing tablet, and wrote, saying, “His name is John.”So they all marveled. 64 Immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he spoke, praising God. 65 Then fear came on all who dwelt around them; and all these sayings were discussed throughout all the hill country of Judea. 66 And all those who heard them kept them in their hearts, saying, “What kind of child will this be?” And the hand of the Lord was with him. 

Zacharias’ Prophecy

67 Now his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied, saying: 

68 “Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, 
For He has visited and redeemed His people, 
69 And has raised up a horn of salvation for us 
In the house of His servant David, 
70 As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets, 
Who have been since the world began, 
71 That we should be saved from our enemies 
And from the hand of all who hate us, 
72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers 
And to remember His holy covenant, 
73 The oath which He swore to our father Abraham: 
74 To grant us that we, 
Being delivered from the hand of our enemies, 
Might serve Him without fear, 
75 In holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life. 

76 “And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Highest; 
For you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways, 
77 To give knowledge of salvation to His people 
By the remission of their sins, 
78 Through the tender mercy of our God, 
With which the [j]Dayspring from on high [k]has visited us; 
79 To give light to those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death, 
To guide our feet into the way of peace.” 

80 So the child grew and became strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his manifestation to Israel. 

Christ Born of Mary

Luke 2  

And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. 2 This census first took place while Quirinius was governing Syria. 3 So all went to be registered, everyone to his own city. 

4 Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the houseand lineage of David, 5 to be registered with Mary, his betrothed [l]wife, who was with child. 6 So it was, that while they were there, the days were completed for her to be delivered. 7 And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a [m]manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. 

Glory in the Highest

8 Now there were in the same country shepherds living out in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night. 9 And [n]behold, an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were greatly afraid. 10 Then the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy which will be to all people. 11 For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. 12 And this will be the sign to you: You will find a Babe wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in a [o]manger.” 

13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying: 

14 “Glory to God in the highest, 
And on earth peace, goodwill[p] toward men!” 

15 So it was, when the angels had gone away from them into heaven, that the shepherds said to one another, “Let us now go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has come to pass, which the Lord has made known to us.” 16 And they came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Babe lying in a manger. 17 Now when they had seen Him, they made [q]widely known the saying which was told them concerning this Child. 18 And all those who heard it marveled at those things which were told them by the shepherds. 19 But Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart. 20 Then the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told them. 

Reading 4, Luke 2:21 – 58

Circumcision of Jesus

21 And when eight days were completed [r]for the circumcision of the Child, His name was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. 

Jesus Presented in the Temple

22 Now when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.” 

Simeon Sees God’s Salvation

25 And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon, and this man was just and devout, waiting for the Consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 So he came by the Spirit into the temple. And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law, 28 he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said: 

29 “Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, 
According to Your word; 
30 For my eyes have seen Your salvation 
31 Which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, 
32 A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, 
And the glory of Your people Israel.” 

33 [s]And Joseph and His mother marveled at those things which were spoken of Him. 34 Then Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this Child is destined for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against 35 (yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul also), that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.” 

5. Question: Why do you think it matters that the “thoughts of many be revealed?”  Why does that matter to us (35)? 

Anna Bears Witness to the Redeemer

36 Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was of a great age, and had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity; 37 and this woman was a widow [t]of about eighty-four years, who did not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day. 38 And coming in that instant she gave thanks to [u]theLord, and spoke of Him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem. 

The Family Returns to Nazareth

39 So when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city, Nazareth. 40 And the Child grew and became strong [v]in spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon Him. 

The Boy Jesus Amazes the Religious Scholars

41 His parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast. 43 When they had finished the days, as they returned, the Boy Jesus lingered behind in Jerusalem. And [w]Joseph and His mother did not know it;44 but supposing Him to have been in the company, they went a day’s journey, and sought Him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45 So when they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking Him. 46 Now so it was that after three days they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions. 47 And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers. 48 So when they saw Him, they were amazed; and His mother said to Him, “Son, why have You done this to us? Look, Your father and I have sought You anxiously.” 

49 And He said to them, “Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?” 50 But they did not understand the statement which He spoke to them. 

6. Question:  What was His Father’s business, and how did Jesus know what His business was (49)?  How do we know what our Heavenly Father’s business is for us? 

Jesus Advances in Wisdom and Favor 

51 Then He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was [x]subject to them, but His mother kept all these things in her heart. 52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men. 

Reading 5, Luke 3:1-38

Luke 3 

John the Baptist Prepares the Way 

Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene, 2 [y]while Annas and Caiaphas were high priests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness. 3 And he went into all the region around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission (forgiveness) of sins, 4 as it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, saying: 

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness: 
‘Prepare the way of the Lord; 
Make His paths straight. 
5 Every valley shall be filled 
And every mountain and hill brought low; 
The crooked places shall be made straight 
And the rough ways smooth; 
6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.’ ” 

John Preaches to the People

7 Then he said to the multitudes that came out to be baptized by him, “Brood[z] of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance, and do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones. 9 And even now the ax is laid to the root of the trees. Therefore every tree which does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.” 

10 So the people asked him, saying, “What shall we do then?” 

11 He answered and said to them, “He who has two tunics, let him give to him who has none; and he who has food, let him do likewise.” 

12 Then tax collectors also came to be baptized, and said to him, “Teacher, what shall we do?” 

13 And he said to them, “Collect no more than what is appointed for you.” 

14 Likewise the soldiers asked him, saying, “And what shall we do?” 

So he said to them, “Do not [aa]intimidate anyone or accuse falsely, and be content with your wages.” 

7. Question:  From what you have learned so far in the Gospels, what is repentance and what do you think fruits of repentance look like (or should look like) in your life?  What were the examples that John gave of walking in repentance (10-15)? 

15 Now as the people were in expectation, and all reasoned in their hearts about John, whether he was the Christ or not, 16 John answered, saying to all, “I indeed baptize you with water; but One mightier than I is coming, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather the wheat into His barn; but the chaff He will burn with unquenchable fire.” 

18 And with many other exhortations he preached to the people. 19 But Herod the tetrarch, being rebuked by him concerning Herodias, his [ab]brotherPhilip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, 20 also added this, above all, that he shut John up in prison. 

John Baptizes Jesus

21 When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened. 22 And the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven which said, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.” 

8. Question:  How do you think Jesus pleased His Father prior to His ministry beginning (see also Luke 2:46-49)? 

The Genealogy of Jesus Christ

23 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli, 24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph, 25 the son ofMattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son ofNaggai, 26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah, 27 the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, 28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er, 29 the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim, 31 the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son ofMattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon, 33 the son ofAmminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son ofTerah, the son of Nahor, 35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, 36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan, 38 the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. 

Semana 15, Marcos 13-16

Lectura 1, Marcos 13: 1-37

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+13%3A1-37&version=RVR1960

Marcos 13

  • Jesús predice la destrucción del templo
  • Los signos de los tiempos y el fin de la era

Notas de estudio: En la respuesta de Jesús a continuación a las dos preguntas anteriores del discípulo, predijo un resumen de lo que sucedería desde su ascensión en el cielo hasta su regreso. Esto incluyó la destrucción del templo y Jerusalén en el año 70 DC, la persecución que ellos y la iglesia sufrirían en el futuro, algunos eventos futuros y señales que ocurrirían en los últimos días antes de su regreso y su regreso. También tenga en cuenta que la palabra para “Generación” puede interpretarse como un período de tiempo (bíblicamente, unos 40 años) y la raza humana. El templo sería destruido en los 40 años (período de tiempo) y la raza humana no desaparecerá antes de que se cumplan todas las palabras de Cristo y Él regrese como se prometió (el cielo y la tierra pasarán pero mis palabras nunca pasarán (versos 30-31).

  • La gran tribulación
  • La venida del hijo del hombre
  • La parábola de la higuera
  • Nadie sabe el día o la hora

1. Pregunta: ¿Qué crees que Jesús quiere decir con “mira por lo tanto” … “no sea que, viniendo de repente, te encuentre durmiendo” cuando regrese y “mira por lo tanto, porque no sabes cuándo está el dueño de la casa?” viniendo…”? ¿Cómo practicas mirar en lugar de dormir?

Lectura 2, Marcos 14: 1-42

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+14%3A+1-42&version=RVR1960

  • La trama para matar a Jesús

Marcos 14

  • La unción en Betania
  • Judas hace un trato para traicionar a Jesús
  • Jesús celebra la Pascua con sus discípulos

2. Pregunta: El Cordero de la Pascua fue instituido por Dios para que la plaga que trajo a Egipto por el ángel de la muerte de matar al primogénito pasara sobre ellos (Éxodo 12). Encontrarás que este fue el juicio de Dios sobre todos los dioses de Egipto (Ex. 12:12). Los israelitas debían poner su sangre en el poste de la puerta, asar el cordero y comerlo. También tenga en cuenta que no solo se salvaron del ángel de la muerte, sino que fue la última plaga por la que fueron liberados de Egipto. ¿Cómo crees que la Pascua es una imagen de nosotros y de Cristo?

  • Jesús instituye la cena del Señor
  • La oración en el huerto

3. Pregunta: ¿Qué cosas importantes te destacan en el versículo 38?

Lectura 3: Marcos 14: 43-15: 5

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+14%3A43-15%3A5+&version=RVR1960

• Traición y arresto en Getsemaní

• Jesús se enfrenta al sanedrín

• Pedro niega a Jesús y llora

Marcos 15

• Jesús enfrenta a Pilato

Nota: Ver también Isaías 53: 7

Lectura 4, Marcos 15: 6-41

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+15%3A6-41&version=RVR1960

• Tomando el lugar de Barrabás

• Los soldados se burlan de Jesús

• El rey en una cruz

4. Pregunta: ¿Por qué crees que Dios revela y predice tanto acerca de Cristo a través de la profecía del Antiguo Testamento (Isaías 53: 1-12)?

Jesús muere en la cruz

5. Pregunta: ¿Cuál fue la importancia de que el velo se rasgara y se rasgara de arriba abajo? ¿Por qué crees que el centurión, que tuvieron éxito en innumerables crucifixiones, testificó de Jesús: “En verdad este hombre era el Hijo de Dios!”

Lectura 5, Marcos 15: 42-16: 20

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+15%3A42-16%3A20&version=RVR1960

• Jesús enterrado en la tumba de José

6. Pregunta: ¿Por qué crees que Pilot se maravilló de que Jesús ya estaba muerto (ver también Juan 10: 17-18, Juan 19:30)?

Marcos 16

• Él ha resucitado

• María Magdalena ve al Señor resucitado

• Jesús se aparece a dos discípulos

7. Pregunta: ¿Por qué crees que no creían que Jesús estaba vivo?

  • La gran comisión
  • Cristo asciende a la diestra de dios

8. Pregunta: En el contexto de las últimas palabras de Jesús a sus discípulos, ¿por qué crees que no vemos más de las señales milagrosas de las últimas palabras en los versículos 17-18? ¿Cuál es el significado de Jesús sentado a la diestra de Dios en los versículos 15-20 (véase también Mateo 28:18)?

Opcional: lea Isaías 53: 1-12 a continuación y resalte todo lo que puede encontrar el Cristo hizo por nosotros.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isa%C3%ADas+53%3A+1-12+&version=RVR1960

Week 15, Mark 13 – 16

Reading 1, Mark 13:1-37

Mark 13  

Jesus Foretells the Destruction of the Temple  

Then as He went out of the temple, one of His disciples said to Him, “Teacher, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here!” 

2 And Jesus answered and said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone shall be left upon another, that shall not be thrown down.” 

The Signs of the Times and the End of the Age 

3 Now as He sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked Him privately, 4 “Tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign when all these things will be fulfilled?” 

Study notes: In Jesus’ response below to the disciple’s two questions above, He foretold a summary of what would happen from His ascension in heaven to His return.  This included the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem in 70 AD, persecution they and the church would suffer going forward, some future events and signs that would happen in the last days before His return, and His return. Also note that the word for “Generation” can be interpreted as a period of time (biblically about 40 years) and the human race. The temple would both be destroyed in the 40 years (time period) and the human race will not disappear before all of Christ’s words are fulfilled and He comes back as promised (heaven and earth will pass away but my words will never pass away (verses 30-31). 

5 And Jesus, answering them, began to say: “Take heed that no one deceives you. 6 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and will deceive many. 7 But when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be troubled; for such things must happen, but the end is not yet.8 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. And there will be earthquakes in various places, and there will be famines[u]and troubles. These are the beginnings of [v]sorrows. 

9 “But watch out for yourselves, for they will deliver you up to councils, and you will be beaten in the synagogues. You will [w]be brought before rulers and kings for My sake, for a testimony to them. 10 And the good news must first be preached to all the nations. 11 But when they arrest you and deliver you up, do not worry beforehand, [x]or premeditate what you will speak. But whatever is given you in that hour, speak that; for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 12 Now brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death. 13 And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. But he who [y]endures to the end shall be saved. 

The Great Tribulation 

14 “So when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ [z]spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not” (let the reader understand), “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.15 Let him who is on the housetop not go down into the house, nor enter to take anything out of his house. 16 And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. 17 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 18 And pray that your flight may not be in winter. 19 For in those days there will be tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the creation which God created until this time, nor ever shall be. 20 And unless the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake, whom He chose, He shortened the days. 

21 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or, ‘Look, He is there!’ do not believe it. 22 For false christs and false prophets will rise and show signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the [aa]elect.23 But take heed; see, I have told you all things beforehand. 

The Coming of the Son of Man 

24 “But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; 25 the stars of heaven will fall, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. 26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. 27 And then He will send His angels, and gather together His [ab]elect from the four winds, from the farthest part of earth to the farthest part of heaven. 

The Parable of the Fig Tree 

28 “Now learn this parable from the fig tree: When its branch has already become tender, and puts forth leaves, you know that summer is near.29 So you also, when you see these things happening, know that [ac]it is near—at the doors! 30 Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things take place. 31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away. 

No One Knows the Day or Hour 

32 “But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 33 Take heed, watch and pray; for you do not know when the time is. 34 It is like a man going to a far country, who left his house and gave authority to his servants, and to each his work, and commanded the doorkeeper to watch. 35 Watch therefore, for you do not know when the master of the house is coming—in the evening, at midnight, at the crowing of the rooster, or in the morning— 36 lest, coming suddenly, he find you sleeping. 37 And what I say to you, I say to all: Watch!” 

  1. Question:  What do you think Jesus means by, “watch therefore” …“lest, coming suddenly, He find you sleeping” when He returns and “watch therefore, for you do not know when the master of the house is coming…”? How do you practice watching rather than sleeping? 

Reading 2, Mark 14: 1-42

The Plot to Kill Jesus 

Mark 14 

After two days it was the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take Him by [ad]trickery and put Him to death. 2 But they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be an uproar of the people.” 

The Anointing at Bethany 

3 And being in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper, as He sat at the table, a woman came having an alabaster flask of very costly [ae]oil of spikenard. Then she broke the flask and poured it on His head. 4 But there were some who were indignant among themselves, and said, “Why was this fragrant oil wasted? 5 For it might have been sold for more than three hundred denarii and given to the poor.” And they criticized[af] her sharply. 

6 But Jesus said, “Let her alone. Why do you trouble her? She has done a good work for Me. 7 For you have the poor with you always, and whenever you wish you may do them good; but Me you do not have always. 8 She has done what she could. She has come beforehand to anoint My body for burial. 9 Assuredly, I say to you, wherever this good news is preached in the whole world, what this woman has done will also be told as a memorial to her.” 

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus 

10 Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went to the chief priests to betray Him to them. 11 And when they heard it, they were glad, and promised to give him money. So he sought how he might conveniently betray Him. 

Jesus Celebrates the Passover with His Disciples 

12 Now on the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they [ag]killed the Passover lamb, His disciples said to Him, “Where do You want us to go and prepare, that You may eat the Passover?” 

2. Question: The Passover Lamb was instituted by God so that the plague he brought on Egypt by the death angel of killing the first born would pass over them (Exodus 12).  You will find that this was God’s judgment on all the gods of Egypt (Ex 12:12).  The Israelites were to put it’s blood on the door post and roast the lamb, and eat it.  Also note that they were not only spared from the death angel, but this was the last plague by which they were set free from Egypt.  How do you think the Passover is a picture of us and Christ?  

13 And He sent out two of His disciples and said to them, “Go into the city, and a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him.14 Wherever he goes in, say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is the guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?” ’ 15 Then he will show you a large upper room, furnished and prepared; there make ready for us.” 

16 So His disciples went out, and came into the city, and found it just as He had said to them; and they prepared the Passover. 

17 In the evening He came with the twelve. 18 Now as they sat and ate, Jesus said, “Assuredly, I say to you, one of you who eats with Me will betray Me.” 

19 And they began to be sorrowful, and to say to Him one by one, “Is it I?” [ah]And another said, “Is it I?” 

20 He answered and said to them, “It is one of the twelve, who dips with Me in the dish. 21 The Son of Man indeed goes just as it is written of Him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had never been born.” 

Jesus Institutes the Lord’s Supper 

22 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, “Take, [ai]eat; this is My body.” 

23 Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24 And He said to them, “This is My blood of the [aj]new covenant, which is shed for many. 25 Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God.” 

26 And when they had sung [ak]a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 

Jesus Foretells Peter’s Denial 

27 Then Jesus said to them, “All of you will be made to stumble[al]because of Me this night, for it is written: 

‘I will strike the Shepherd, 
And the sheep will be scattered.’ 

28 “But after I have been raised, I will go before you to Galilee.” 

29 Peter said to Him, “Even if all are made to [am]stumble, yet I will not be.” 

30 Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you that today, even this night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.” 

31 But he spoke more vehemently, “If I have to die with You, I will not deny You!” 

And they all said likewise. 

The Prayer in the Garden 

32 Then they came to a place which was named Gethsemane; and He said to His disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” 33 And He took Peter, James, and John with Him, and He began to be troubled and deeply distressed. 34 Then He said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here and watch.” 

35 He went a little farther, and fell on the ground, and prayed that if it were possible, the hour might pass from Him. 36 And He said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You. Take this cup away from Me; nevertheless, not what I will, but what You will.” 

37 Then He came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “Simon, are you sleeping? Could you not watch one hour? 38 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 
 

3. Question: What important things stand out to you in verse 38? 

39 Again He went away and prayed, and spoke the same words. 40 And when He returned, He found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy; and they did not know what to answer Him. 

41 Then He came the third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? It is enough! The hour has come; behold, the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. 42 Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand.” 

Reading 3: Mark 14:43 – 15:5

Betrayal and Arrest in Gethsemane 

43 And immediately, while He was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, with a great multitude with swords and clubs, came from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44 Now His betrayer had given them a signal, saying, “Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him and lead Him away safely.” 

45 As soon as he had come, immediately he went up to Him and said to Him, “Rabbi, Rabbi!” and kissed Him. 

46 Then they laid their hands on Him and took Him. 47 And one of those who stood by drew his sword and struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear. 

48 Then Jesus answered and said to them, “Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs to take Me? 49 I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize Me. But the Scriptures must be fulfilled.” 

50 Then they all forsook Him and fled. 

51 Now a certain young man followed Him, having a linen cloth thrown around his naked body. And the young men laid hold of him, 52 and he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked. 

Jesus Faces the Sanhedrin 

53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest; and with him were assembled all the chief priests, the elders, and the scribes. 54 But Peter followed Him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest. And he sat with the servants and warmed himself at the fire. 

55 Now the chief priests and all the council sought testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, but found none. 56 For many bore false witness against Him, but their testimonies [an]did not agree. 

57 Then some rose up and bore false witness against Him, saying, 58 “We heard Him say, ‘I will destroy this temple made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.’ ” 59 But not even then did their testimony agree. 

60 And the high priest stood up in the midst and asked Jesus, saying, “Do You answer nothing? What is it these men testify against You?” 61 But He kept silent and answered nothing. 

Again the high priest asked Him, saying to Him, “Are You the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?” 

62 Jesus said, “I am. And you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming with the clouds of heaven.” 

63 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, “What further need do we have of witnesses? 64 You have heard the blasphemy! What do you think?” 

And they all condemned Him to be deserving of death. 

65 Then some began to spit on Him, and to blindfold Him, and to beat Him, and to say to Him, “Prophesy!” And the officers [ao]struck Him with the palms of their hands. 

Peter Denies Jesus, and Weeps 

66 Now as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant girls of the high priest came. 67 And when she saw Peter warming himself, she looked at him and said, “You also were with Jesus of Nazareth.” 

68 But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are saying.” And he went out on the porch, and a rooster crowed. 

69 And the servant girl saw him again, and began to say to those who stood by, “This is one of them.” 70 But he denied it again. 

And a little later those who stood by said to Peter again, “Surely you are one of them; for you are a Galilean, [ap]and your [aq]speech shows it.” 

71 Then he began to curse and swear, “I do not know this Man of whom you speak!” 

72 A second time the rooster crowed. Then Peter called to mind the word that Jesus had said to him, “Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times.” And when he thought about it, he wept. 

Mark 15 

Jesus Faces Pilate 

Immediately, in the morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council; and they bound Jesus, led Him away, and delivered Him to Pilate. 2 Then Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” 

He answered and said to him, “It is as you say.” 

3 And the chief priests accused Him of many things, but He answered nothing. 4 Then Pilate asked Him again, saying, “Do You answer nothing? See how many things [ar]they testify against You!” 5 But Jesus still answered nothing, so that Pilate marveled. 

Note: See also Isaiah 53:7 

Reading 4, Mark 15:6-41

Taking the Place of Barabbas 

6 Now at the feast he was accustomed to releasing one prisoner to them, whomever they requested. 7 And there was one named Barabbas, who was chained with his fellow rebels; they had committed murder in the rebellion. 8 Then the multitude, [as]crying aloud, began to ask him to do just as he had always done for them. 9 But Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 10 For he knew that the chief priests had handed Him over because of envy. 

11 But the chief priests stirred up the crowd, so that he should rather release Barabbas to them. 12 Pilate answered and said to them again, “What then do you want me to do with Him whom you call the King of the Jews?” 

13 So they cried out again, “Crucify Him!” 

14 Then Pilate said to them, “Why, what evil has He done?” 

But they cried out all the more, “Crucify Him!” 

15 So Pilate, wanting to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and he delivered Jesus, after he had scourged Him, to be crucified. 

The Soldiers Mock Jesus 

16 Then the soldiers led Him away into the hall called [at]Praetorium, and they called together the whole garrison. 17 And they clothed Him with purple; and they twisted a crown of thorns, put it on His head,18 and began to salute Him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 19 Then they struck Him on the head with a reed and spat on Him; and bowing the knee, they worshiped Him. 20 And when they had mocked Him, they took the purple off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him out to crucify Him. 

The King on a Cross 

21 Then they compelled a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, the father of Alexander and Rufus, as he was coming out of the country and passing by, to bear His cross. 22 And they brought Him to the place Golgotha, which is translated, Place of a Skull. 23 Then they gave Him wine mingled with myrrh to drink, but He did not take it.24 And when they crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting lots for them to determine what every man should take. 

25 Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him. 26 And the inscription of His [au]accusation was written above: 

THE KING OF THE JEWS. 

27 With Him they also crucified two robbers, one on His right and the other on His left. 28 [av]So the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “And He was numbered with the transgressors.”  (Isaiah 53:12) 

29 And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads and saying, “Aha! You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, 30 save Yourself, and come down from the cross!” 

31 Likewise the chief priests also, mocking among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. 32 Let the Christ, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and [aw]believe.” 

Even those who were crucified with Him reviled Him. 

4. Question: Why do you think God reveals and foretold so much about Christ through Old Testament prophesy (Isa 53:1-12)? 

Jesus Dies on the Cross 

33 Now when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” 

35 Some of those who stood by, when they heard that, said, “Look, He is calling for Elijah!” 36 Then someone ran and filled a sponge full of sour wine, put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink, saying, “Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to take Him down.” 

37 And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last. 

38 Then the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. 39 So when the centurion, who stood opposite Him, saw that [ax]He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said, “Truly this Man was the Son of God!” 

40 There were also women looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome, 41 who also followed Him and ministered to Him when He was in Galilee, and many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem. 

5. Question:  What was the significance of the veil being torn, and being torn from top to bottom?  Why do you think the centurion, who would have participated in countless crucifixions, testified of Jesus, “Truly this Man was the Son of God!” 

Reading 5, Mark 15:42-16:20 

Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb 

42 Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, 43 Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44 Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time. 45 So when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. 46 Then he bought fine linen, took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. 47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses observed where He was laid. 

6. Question:  Why do you think Pilot marveled that Jesus was already dead (see also John 10:17-18, John 19:30)?  

Mark 16 

He Is Risen 

Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him. 2 Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen. 3 And they said among themselves, “Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?” 4 But when they looked up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away—for it was very large. 5 And entering the tomb, they saw a young man clothed in a long white robe sitting on the right side; and they were alarmed. 

6 But he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid Him. 7 But go, tell His disciples—and Peter—that He is going [ay]before you into Galilee; there you will see Him, as He said to you.” 

8 So they went out [az]quickly and fled from the tomb, for they trembled and were amazed. And they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid. 

Mary Magdalene Sees the Risen Lord 

9 [ba]Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons. 10 She went and told those who had been with Him, as they mourned and wept. 11 And when they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they did not believe. 

Jesus Appears to Two Disciples 

12 After that, He appeared in another form to two of them as they walked and went into the country. 13 And they went and told it to the rest, but they did not believe them either. 

7. Question: Why do you think they did not believe Jesus was alive? 

The Great Commission 

14 Later He appeared to the eleven as they sat at the table; and He rebuked their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen Him after He had risen. 15 And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the good news to every creature.16 He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned. 17 And these signs will follow those who[bb]believe: In My name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues; 18 they[bc] will take up serpents; and if they drink anything deadly, it will by no means hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover.” 

Christ Ascends to God’s Right Hand 

19 So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs. Amen. 

8. Question:  In the context of Jesus’ final words to His disciples, why do you think we do not see more of the miraculous signs He spoke of in verses 17-18?  What is the significance of Jesus sitting at the right hand of God in verses 15-20 (See also Matthew 28:18)? 

Optional: Read Isaiah 53:1-12 below and highlight everything you can find that Christ did for us. 

Isaiah 53: Who has believed our message 
    and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? 
2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot, 
    and like a root out of dry ground. 
He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, 
    nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. 
3 He was despised and rejected by mankind, 
    a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. 
Like one from whom people hide their faces 
    he was despised, and we held him in low esteem. 

Surely he took up our pain 
    and bore our suffering, 
yet we considered him punished by God, 
    stricken by him, and afflicted. 
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, 
    he was crushed for our iniquities; 
the punishment that brought us peace was on him, 
    and by his wounds we are healed. 
6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, 
    each of us has turned to our own way; 
and the Lord has laid on him 
    the iniquity of us all. 

He was oppressed and afflicted, 
    yet he did not open his mouth; 
he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, 
    and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, 
    so he did not open his mouth. 
8 By oppression[a] and judgment he was taken away. 
    Yet who of his generation protested? 
For he was cut off from the land of the living; 
    for the transgression of my people he was punished.[b
9 He was assigned a grave with the wicked, 
    and with the rich in his death, 
though he had done no violence, 
    nor was any deceit in his mouth. 

10 Yet it was the Lord’s will to crush him and cause him to suffer, 
    and though the Lord makes[c] his life an offering for sin, 
he will see his offspring and prolong his days, 
    and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. 
11 After he has suffered, 
    he will see the light of life[d] and be satisfied[e]; 
by his knowledge[f] my righteous servant will justify many, 
    and he will bear their iniquities. 
12 Therefore I will give him a portion among the great,[g
    and he will divide the spoils with the strong,[h
because he poured out his life unto death, 
    and was numbered with the transgressors. 
For he bore the sin of many, 
    and made intercession for the transgressors. 

Semana 14, Marcos 10-12

Lectura 1, Marcos 10: 1-24

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+10%3A1-27+&version=RVR1960

Marca 10

Matrimonio y Divorcio

1. Pregunta (1-12): ¿Dónde comienza el adulterio?

Jesús bendice a los niños pequeños

2. Pregunta 13-16): ¿Qué crees que quiso decir Jesús al decir: “el que no reciba el reino de Dios como un niño pequeño no entrará en él de ninguna manera”. ¿Cómo recibimos el reino de Dios como un niño pequeño?

Jesús aconseja al joven rico

Con Dios todo es posible

3. Pregunta (17-27): ¿Por qué Jesús le dijo al joven rico que vendiera todo lo que tenía y siguiera a Jesús?

Lectura 2, Marcos 10: 28-52

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+10%3A28-52+&version=RVR1960

Dejando todo para seguir a Jesús

Jesús por tercera vez predice su muerte y resurrección

Grandeza a través del servicio

4. Pregunta (28-45): ¿Cómo mantenemos una perspectiva adecuada entre servir al Señor y servir a los demás (es decir, algunas personas “necesitadas” pueden agotarte a veces)?

Jesús sana al ciego Bartimeo

5. Pregunta (46-52): ¿Cómo demostró Bartimeo su fe en que Jesús podría y lo sanaría? ¿Cuán esencial fue su fe en que Jesús lo sanaría para que recibiera su vista?

Lectura 3, Marcos 11: 1-24

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+11%3A1-24+&version=RVR1960

Marca 11

La entrada triunfal

6. Pregunta (1-6): ¿Por qué Jesús les dio a sus discípulos una palabra de conocimiento sobre el burro?

La higuera marchita

Y lo oyeron sus discípulos.

Jesús limpia el templo

La lección de la higuera marchita

7. Pregunta (12-24): ¿Por qué crees que Jesús hizo el milagro de la higuera? ¿Qué les enseñó Jesús de esto?

Lectura 4, Marcos 11:25 – 12:12

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+11%3A25+%E2%80%93+12%3A12+&version=RVR1960

Perdón y Oración

La autoridad de Jesús cuestionada

8. Pregunta (25-33): ¿De qué manera la forma en que Jesús manejó la solicitud de evidencia de autoridad para Sus acciones le dijo acerca del enfoque de Jesús al tratar con personas que tienen corazones duros?

Marcos 12

La parábola de los viñedos malvados

9. Pregunta (1-12): ¿Cómo crees que la parábola de los viñadores malvados se relaciona con los principales sacerdotes, los escribas y los ancianos?

Los fariseos interrogados: ¿es legal pagar impuestos al César?

10. Pregunta (13-17): ¿De qué maneras podemos aplicar esta verdad a nuestras vidas hoy en día, “Renunciar al César las cosas que son del César y a Dios las cosas que son de Dios”?

Lectura 5: Marcos 12: 11-44

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Mark+11%3A25+%E2%80%93+12%3A17+&version=RVR1960

Los saduceos interrogados: ¿Qué pasa con la resurrección?

Los escribas cuestionaron: ¿Cuál es el primer mandamiento de todos?

11. Pregunta (18-34): ¿Cómo es el segundo mandamiento como el primer mandamiento, y cómo es diferente? ¿Por qué crees que más tarde Jesús dijo a sus discípulos: “34” Un nuevo mandato que les doy: amaos unos a otros. Como yo los he amado, deben amarse unos a otros. 35 Con esto todos sabrán que ustedes son mis discípulos, si se aman unos a otros. Juan 13: 34-35?

Jesús: ¿Cómo puede David llamar a su Señor descendiente?

 Cuidado con los escribas

12. Pregunta (35-40): ¿Qué se destaca en esta advertencia contra los escribas?

Los dos ácaros de la viuda

13. Pregunta (41-44): ¿Qué te dice esta situación al dar a la viuda rica y pobre sobre la forma en que Dios ve las cosas que hacemos?

Week 14, Mark 10-12

Reading 1, Mark 10:1-24 

Mark 10  

Marriage and Divorce  

Then He arose from there and came to the region of Judea by the other side of the Jordan. And multitudes gathered to Him again, and as He was accustomed, He taught them again. 

2 The Pharisees came and asked Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?” testing Him. 

3 And He answered and said to them, “What did Moses command you?” 

4 They said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce, and to dismiss her.” 

5 And Jesus answered and said to them, “Because of the hardness of your heart he wrote you this [cf]precept. 6 But from the beginning of the creation, God ‘made them male and female.’ 7 ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, 8 and the two shall become one flesh’; so then they are no longer two, but one flesh.9 Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.” 

10 In the house His disciples also asked Him again about the same matter.11 So He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her. 12 And if a woman divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery.” 

  1. Question: Where does adultery begin? 

Jesus Blesses Little Children 

13 Then they brought little children to Him, that He might touch them; but the disciples rebuked those who brought them.14 But when Jesus saw it, He was greatly displeased and said to them, “Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of God. 15 Assuredly, I say to you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it.” 16 And He took them up in His arms, laid His hands on them, and blessed them. 

  • Question: What do you think Jesus meant by saying, “whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will by no means enter it.”  How do we receive the kingdom of God like a little child? 

Jesus Counsels the Rich Young Ruler 

17 Now as He was going out on the road, one came running, knelt before Him, and asked Him, “Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?” 

18 So Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God. 19 You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery,’ ‘Do not murder,’ ‘Do not steal,’ ‘Do not bear false witness,’ ‘Do not defraud,’ ‘Honor your father and your mother.’ ” 

20 And he answered and said to Him, “Teacher, all these things I have kept from my youth.” 

21 Then Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, “One thing you lack: Go your way, sell whatever you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, take up the cross, and follow Me.” 

22 But he was sad at this word, and went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions. 

With God All Things Are Possible 

23 Then Jesus looked around and said to His disciples, “How hard it is for those who have riches to enter the kingdom of God!” 24 And the disciples were astonished at His words. But Jesus answered again and said to them, “Children, how hard it is [cg]for those who trust in riches to enter the kingdom of God! 25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” 

26 And they were greatly astonished, saying among themselves, “Who then can be saved?” 

27 But Jesus looked at them and said, “With men it is impossible, but not with God; for with God all things are possible.” 

  • Question: Why did Jesus tell the rich young ruler to sell everything he had and follow Jesus? 

Reading 2, Mark 10:28-52 

28 Then Peter began to say to Him, “See, we have left all and followed You.” 

29 So Jesus answered and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or father or mother [ch]or wife or children or [ci]lands, for My sake and the good news’s, 30 who shall not receive a hundredfold now in this time—houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions—and in the age to come, eternal life. 31 But many who are first will be last, and the last first.” 

Jesus a Third Time Foretells His Death and Resurrection 

32 Now they were on the road, going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was going before them; and they were amazed. And as they followed they were afraid. Then He took the twelve aside again and began to tell them the things that would happen to Him: 33 “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and deliver Him to the Gentiles; 34 and they will mock Him, and [cj]scourge Him, and spit on Him, and kill Him. And the third day He will rise again.” 

Greatness Through Serving

35 Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to Him, saying, “Teacher, we want You to do for us whatever we ask.” 

36 And He said to them, “What do you want Me to do for you?” 

37 They said to Him, “Grant us that we may sit, one on Your right hand and the other on Your left, in Your glory.” 

38 But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?” 

39 They said to Him, “We are able.” 

So Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink the cup that I drink, and with the baptism I am baptized with you will be baptized; 40 but to sit on My right hand and on My left is not Mine to give, but it is for those for whom it is prepared.” 

41 And when the ten heard it, they began to be greatly displeased with James and John. 42 But Jesus called them to Himself and said to them, “You know that those who are considered rulers over the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. 43 Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant. 44 And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all. 45 For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” 

  • Question:  How do we keep proper perspective between serving the Lord and serving others (I.e., some “needy” people can wear you out at times)? 

Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus 

46 Now they came to Jericho. As He went out of Jericho with His disciples and a great multitude, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by the road begging. 47 And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” 

48 Then many warned him to be quiet; but he cried out all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” 

49 So Jesus stood still and commanded him to be called. 

Then they called the blind man, saying to him, “Be of good cheer. Rise, He is calling you.” 

50 And throwing aside his garment, he rose and came to Jesus. 

51 So Jesus answered and said to him, “What do you want Me to do for you?” 

The blind man said to Him, [ck]“Rabboni, that I may receive my sight.” 

52 Then Jesus said to him, “Go your way; your faith has [cl]made you well.” And immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus on the road. 

  • Question:  How did Bartimaeus demonstrate his faith that Jesus could and would heal him?  How essential was his faith that Jesus would heal him for him to receive his sight? 

Reading 3, Mark 11:1-24 

Mark 11  

The Triumphal Entry  

Now when they drew near Jerusalem, to [a]Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, He sent two of His disciples; 2 and He said to them, “Go into the village opposite you; and as soon as you have entered it you will find a colt tied, on which no one has sat. Loose it and bring it.3 And if anyone says to you, ‘Why are you doing this?’ say, ‘The Lord has need of it,’ and immediately he will send it here.” 

4 So they went their way, and found [b]the colt tied by the door outside on the street, and they loosed it. 5 But some of those who stood there said to them, “What are you doing, loosing the colt?” 

6 And they spoke to them just as Jesus had commanded. So they let them go. 7 Then they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their clothes on it, and He sat on it. 8 And many spread their clothes on the road, and others cut down leafy branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 Then those who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: 

“Hosanna! 
‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ 
10 Blessed is the kingdom of our father David 
That comes [c]in the name of the Lord! 
Hosanna in the highest!” 

11 And Jesus went into Jerusalem and into the temple. So when He had looked around at all things, as the hour was already late, He went out to Bethany with the twelve. 

  • Question: Why did Jesus give His disciples a word of knowledge regarding the donkey? 

The Fig Tree Withered 

12 Now the next day, when they had come out from Bethany, He was hungry. 13 And seeing from afar a fig tree having leaves, He went to see if perhaps He would find something on it. When He came to it, He found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14 In response Jesus said to it, “Let no one eat fruit from you ever again.” 

And His disciples heard it. 

Jesus Cleanses the Temple 

15 So they came to Jerusalem. Then Jesus went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 16 And He would not allow anyone to carry wares through the temple. 17 Then He taught, saying to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations’? But you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’ ” 

18 And the scribes and chief priests heard it and sought how they might destroy Him; for they feared Him, because all the people were astonished at His teaching. 19 When evening had come, He went out of the city. 

The Lesson of the Withered Fig Tree 

20 Now in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots. 21 And Peter, remembering, said to Him, “Rabbi, look! The fig tree which You cursed has withered away.” 

22 So Jesus answered and said to them, “Have faith in God. 23 For assuredly, I say to you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Be removed and be cast into the sea,’ and does not doubt in his heart, but believes that those things he says will be done, he will have whatever he says.24 Therefore I say to you, whatever things you ask when you pray, believe that you receive them, and you will have them. 

  • Question: Why do you think Jesus did the miracle of the fig tree?  What did Jesus teach them from this? 

Reading 4, Mark 11:25 – 12:17 

Forgiveness and Prayer 

25 “And whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive him, that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses. 26 [d]But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father in heaven forgive your trespasses.” 

Question: How does this compare with, 1 John 1:9, if we confess our sins He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, As we forgive our debtors. 

Jesus’ Authority Questioned 

27 Then they came again to Jerusalem. And as He was walking in the temple, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders came to Him. 28 And they said to Him, “By what authority are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority to do these things?” 

29 But Jesus answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one question; then answer Me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things: 30 The baptism of John—was it from heaven or from men? Answer Me.” 

31 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ 32 But if we say, ‘From men’ ”—they feared the people, for all counted John to have been a prophet indeed. 33 So they answered and said to Jesus, “We do not know.” 

And Jesus answered and said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.” 
 

  • Question: How did the way Jesus handled the request for evidence of authority for His actions tell you about Jesus’ approach in dealing with people that have hard hearts?

Mark 12  

The Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers  

Then He began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a place for the wine vat and built a tower. And he leased it to [e]vinedressers and went into a far country. 2 Now at vintage-time he sent a servant to the vinedressers, that he might receive some of the fruit of the vineyard from the vinedressers. 3 And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 4 Again he sent them another servant, [f]and at him they threw stones, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully treated. 5 And again he sent another, and him they killed; and many others, beating some and killing some. 6 Therefore still having one son, his beloved, he also sent him to them last, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 7 But those [g]vinedressers said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ 8 So they took him and killed him and cast him out of the vineyard. 

9 “Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vinedressers, and give the vineyard to others. 10 Have you not even read this Scripture: 

‘The stone which the builders rejected 
Has become the chief cornerstone. 
11 This was the Lord’s doing, 
And it is marvelous in our eyes’?” 

12 And they sought to lay hands on Him, but feared the multitude, for they knew He had spoken the parable against them. So they left Him and went away. 

  • Question: How do you think the parable of the wicked vinedressers related to the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders? 

The Pharisees Questioned: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar? 

13 Then they sent to Him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, to catch Him in His words. 14 When they had come, they said to Him, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and [h]care about no one; for You do not [i]regard the person of men, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? 15 Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?” 

But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, “Why do you test Me? Bring Me a denarius that I may see it.” 16 So they brought it. 

And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?” They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” 

17 And Jesus answered and said to them, [j]“Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 

And they marveled at Him. 

10. Question: In what ways can we apply this truth to our lives today, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s”? 

Reading 5: Mark 12:11-44 

The Sadducees Questioned: What About the Resurrection? 

18 Then some Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him; and they asked Him, saying: 19 “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies, and leaves his wife behind, and leaves no children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 20 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife; and dying, he left no offspring. 21 And the second took her, and he died; nor did he leave any offspring. And the third likewise. 22 So the seven had her and left no offspring. Last of all the woman died also. 23 Therefore, in the resurrection, when they rise, whose wife will she be? For all seven had her as wife.” 

24 Jesus answered and said to them, “Are you not therefore [k]mistaken, because you do not know the Scriptures nor the power of God? 25 For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26 But concerning the dead, that they rise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the burning bush passage, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. You are therefore greatly [l]mistaken.” 

The Scribes Questioned: Which Is the First Commandment of All?

28 Then one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, [m]perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the [n]first commandment of all?” 

29 Jesus answered him, “The [o]first of all the commandments is: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30 And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’ [p]This is the first commandment. 31 And the second, like it, is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.” 

32 So the scribe said to Him, “Well said, Teacher. You have spoken the truth, for there is one God, and there is no other but He. 33 And to love Him with all the heart, with all the understanding, [q]with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love one’s neighbor as oneself, is more than all the whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.” 

34 Now when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” 

But after that no one dared question Him. 

11. Question:  How is the second commandment like the first commandment, and how is it different? Why do you think that later on Jesus said to His disciples, “34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.” John 13:34-35? 

Jesus: How Can David Call His Descendant Lord? 
 

35 Then Jesus answered and said, while He taught in the temple, “How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the Son of David? 36 For David himself said by the Holy Spirit: 

‘The Lord said to my Lord, 
“Sit at My right hand, 
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” ’ 

37 Therefore David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; how is He then his Son?” 

And the common people heard Him gladly. 

Beware of the Scribes 

38 Then He said to them in His teaching, “Beware of the scribes, who desire to go around in long robes, love greetings in the marketplaces,39 the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts, 40 who devour widows’ houses, and [r]for a pretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation.” 

12. Question: What stands out to you in this warning against the scribes? 

The Widow’s Two Mites 

41 Now Jesus sat opposite the treasury and saw how the people put money into the treasury. And many who were rich put in much. 42 Then one poor widow came and threw in two [s]mites, which make a [t]quadrans. 43 So He called His disciples to Himself and said to them, “Assuredly, I say to you that this poor widow has put in more than all those who have given to the treasury; 44 for they all put in out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty put in all that she had, her whole livelihood.” 

13. Question: What does this situation in the giving of the rich and the poor widow speak to you about the way God looks at things we do?