Semana 9, Mateo 23-24

Lectura 1, Mateo 23: 1-28

Ay de los escribas y fariseos 1

1. Pregunta (1-12): ¿Qué les enseña Jesús a las multitudes a no hacer como los fariseos en los versículos anteriores?

Ay de los escribas y fariseos 2

2. Pregunta (13-22): ¿Cuál crees que fue la causa de la ceguera de estos líderes religiosos (ver también Lucas 7: 29-30)?

Ay de los escribas y fariseos 3

3. Pregunta (23-28): ¿Qué tres conclusiones obtiene de estos versículos que necesitamos aplicar a nuestra vida cotidiana?

Lectura 2, Mateo 23:29 – Mateo 24:14

Jesús se lamenta sobre Jerusalén

4. Pregunta (29-39): De lo que has leído en este capítulo, ¿cuál crees que es el problema subyacente detrás de todo el mal de los escribas y fariseos, y cómo evitamos ser como ellos?

Mateo 24

Jesús predice la destrucción del templo

5. Pregunta (1-14): ¿Por qué crees que las buenas nuevas del reino tienen que ser predicadas en todo el mundo antes de que llegue el fin? (Ver también Génesis 22:18, Gálatas 3:16, Apocalipsis 7: 9-10)

Lectura 3, Mateo 24: 15-44

La gran tribulación

La venida del hijo del hombre

La parábola de la higuera

Nadie sabe el día o la hora

6. Pregunta (15-44): ¿Cómo crees que Jesús espera que velemos y estemos listos para su regreso?

Lectura 4, Mateo 24: 45 – Mateo 25:13

El siervo fiel y el siervo malvado

7. Pregunta (45-51): ¿Qué podría decir el pasaje acerca de la gracia sin arrepentimiento?

Mateo 25

La parábola de las vírgenes sabias y necias

8. Pregunta (1-13): ¿Por qué crees que el Señor dijo a las 5 vírgenes que no estaban listas que no las conocía (recuerda, las parábolas generalmente tienen un punto principal)? ¿Cómo podemos estar listos para su regreso?

Lectura 5, Mateo 25: 14-46

La parábola de los talentos

9. Pregunta (14-30): ¿Cómo podemos ser como los sirvientes que ponen en uso lo que el maestro les ha dado? ¿Qué otra parábola de Jesús te recuerda esto?

El hijo del hombre juzgará a las naciones

10. Pregunta (31-46): ¿Por qué crees que en esta parábola aquellos que fueron compasivos con los demás fueron recibidos en Su Reino y aquellos que no fueron compasivos no? ¿Qué tiene esto que ver con ser un verdadero “cristiano”?

Week 9, Matthew 23-25

Reading 1, Matthew 23:1-28

Woe to the Scribes and Pharisees

Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples, saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. Therefore whatever they tell you to observe, that observe and do, but do not do according to their works; for they say, and do not do. For they bind heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. But all their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments. They love the best places at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues, greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called by men, ‘Rabbi, Rabbi.’ But you, do not be called ‘Rabbi’; for One is your Teacher, the Christ, and you are all brethren. Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. 10 And do not be called teachers; for One is your Teacher, the Christ. 11 But he who is greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.

  1. Question (1-12): What does Jesus teach the multitudes to not do like the Pharisees in the above verses?

13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither go in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in. 14Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation.

15 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel land and sea to win one proselyte, and when he is won, you make him twice as much a son of hell as yourselves.

16 “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obliged to perform it.’ 17 Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifies the gold? 18 And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obliged to perform it.’ 19 Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift? 20 Therefore he who swears by the altar, swears by it and by all things on it. 21 He who swears by the temple, swears by it and by Him who dwells in it. 22 And he who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by Him who sits on it.

  • Question (13-22): What do you think was the cause of the blindness of these religious leaders (see also Luke 7:29-30)?

23 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone. 24 Blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!

25 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you cleanse the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of extortion and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee, first cleanse the inside of the cup and dish, that the outside of them may be clean also.

27 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness. 28 Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

  • Question (23-28): What three takeaways do you get from these verses that we need to apply to our everyday lives?

Reading 2, Matthew 23:29 – Matthew 24:14

29 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the righteous,30 and say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.’

31 “Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32 Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ guilt. 33 Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell? 34 Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city, 35 that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.36 Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.

Jesus Laments over Jerusalem

37 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing! 38 See! Your house is left to you desolate; 39 for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”

  • Question (29-39): From what you have read in this chapter, what do you think is the underlying issue behind all the evil of the Scribes and Pharisees, and how do we prevent being like them?

Matthew 24 

Jesus Foretells the Destruction of the Temple

Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple, and His disciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.”

The Signs of the Times and the End of the Age

Now as He sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be? And what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”

And Jesus answered and said to them: “Take heed that no one deceives you. For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will deceive many. And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not troubled; for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. And there will be famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in various places. All these are the beginning of sorrows.

“Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and kill you, and you will be hated by all nations for My name’s sake. 10 And then many will be offended, will betray one another, and will hate one another. 11 Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many. 12 And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold. 13 But he who endures to the end shall be saved. 14 And this good news of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.

  • Question: Why do you think the good news of the kingdom has to be preached in all the world before the end will come?    (See also Genesis 22:18, Galatians 3:16, Revelation 7:9-10)

Reading 3, Matthew 24: 15-44

The Great Tribulation

15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’ spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand), 16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.17 Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house. 18 And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes. 19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 20 And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. 21 For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect’s sake those days will be shortened.

23 “Then if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe it. 24 For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. 25 See, I have told you beforehand.

26 “Therefore if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe it. 27 For as the lightning comes from the east and flashes to the west, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 28 For wherever the carcass is, there the eagles will be gathered together.

The Coming of the Son of Man

29 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together Hiselect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

The Parable of the Fig Tree

32 “Now learn this parable from the fig tree: When its branch has already become tender and puts forth leaves, you know that summer is near.33 So you also, when you see all these things, know that it is near—at the doors! 34 Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things take place. 35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away.

No One Knows the Day or Hour

36 “But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels ofheaven, but My Father only. 37 But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 38 For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, 39 and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. 40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and the other left. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken and the other left. 42 Watch therefore, for you do not know what hour your Lord is coming. 43 But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and not allowed his house to be broken into. 44 Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.

  • Question (15-44): How do you think Jesus expects us to watch and be ready for His return?

Reading 4, Matthew 24: 45 – Matthew 24:13

The Faithful Servant and the Evil Servant

45 “Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his master made ruler over his household, to give them food in due season? 46 Blessed is that servant whom his master, when he comes, will find so doing.47 Assuredly, I say to you that he will make him ruler over all his goods.48 But if that evil servant says in his heart, ‘My master is delaying his coming,’ 49 and begins to beat his fellow servants, and to eat and drink with the drunkards, 50 the master of that servant will come on a day when he is not looking for him and at an hour that he is not aware of,51 and will cut him in two and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

  • Question (45-51): What might passage have to say about grace without repentance?

Matthew 25 

The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins

“Then the kingdom of heaven shall be likened to ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. Now five of them were wise, and five were foolish. Those who were foolish took their lamps and took no oil with them, but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. But while the bridegroom was delayed, they all slumbered and slept.

“And at midnight a cry was heard: ‘Behold, the bridegroom [an]is coming; go out to meet him!’ Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps. And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise answered, saying, ‘No, lest there should not be enough for us and you; but go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.’ 10 And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the wedding; and the door was shut.

11 “Afterward the other virgins came also, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open to us!’ 12 But he answered and said, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, I do not know you.’

13 “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.

  • Question (1-13):  Why do you think the Lord said to the 5 virgins who were not ready that He did not know them (remember, parables usually have a main point)?  How can we be ready for His return?

Reading 5, Matthew 25:14-46

The Parable of the Talents

14 “For the kingdom of heaven is like a man traveling to a far country, who called his own servants and delivered his goods to them. 15 And to one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one, to each according to his own ability; and immediately he went on a journey.16 Then he who had received the five talents went and traded with them, and made another five talents. 17 And likewise he who had received two gained two more also. 18 But he who had received one went and dug in the ground, and hid his lord’s money. 19 After a long time the lord of those servants came and settled accounts with them.

20 “So he who had received five talents came and brought five other talents, saying, ‘Lord, you delivered to me five talents; look, I have gained five more talents besides them.’ 21 His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’22 He also who had received two talents came and said, ‘Lord, you delivered to me two talents; look, I have gained two more talents besides them.’ 23 His lord said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful servant; you have been faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.’

24 “Then he who had received the one talent came and said, ‘Lord, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you have not sown, and gathering where you have not scattered seed. 25 And I was afraid, and went and hid your talent in the ground. Look, there you have what is yours.’

26 “But his lord answered and said to him, ‘You wicked and lazy servant, you knew that I reap where I have not sown, and gather where I have not scattered seed. 27 So you ought to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I would have received back my own with interest. 28 So take the talent from him, and give it to him who has ten talents.

29 ‘For to everyone who has, more will be given, and he will have abundance; but from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken away. 30 And cast the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness. There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

  • Question (14-30):  How can we be like the servants who put to use what the master has given them?  What other parable of Jesus’ does this remind you of?

The Son of Man Will Judge the Nations

31 “When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. 32 All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats. 33 And He will set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on the left. 34 Then the King will say to those on His right hand, ‘Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: 35 for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you took Me in; 36 was naked and you clothed Me; I was sick and you visited Me; I was in prison and you came to Me.’

37 “Then the righteous will answer Him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry and feed You, or thirsty and give You drink? 38 When did we see You a stranger and take You in, or naked and clothe You? 39 Or when did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?’ 40 And the King will answer and say to them, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.’

41 “Then He will also say to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from Me, you cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels:42 for I was hungry and you gave Me no food; I was thirsty and you gave Me no drink; 43 I was a stranger and you did not take Me in, naked and you did not clothe Me, sick and in prison and you did not visit Me.’

44 “Then they also will answer Him, saying, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not minister to You?’ 45 Then He will answer them, saying, ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’ 46 And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

  1. Question (31-46): Why do you think that in this parable, those that were compassionate to others were received into His Kingdom and those that were not compassionate were not?  What does this have to do with being a real “Christian?”


Semana 8 Mateo 20-22

Lectura 1, Mateo 20: 1-28

Mateo 20

La parábola de los trabajadores en la viña

1. Pregunta (1-16): ¿Cuál crees que es el punto principal de esta parábola? ¿Qué comida para llevar encuentra usted en esto?

Jesús por tercera vez predice su muerte y resurrección

Grandeza a través del servicio

2. Pregunta (25-28): ¿Qué práctica encuentras en los versículos 25-28 para aquellos que seguirán a Jesús?

Lectura 2: Mateo 20:29 – Mateo 21:15

Dos hombres ciegos reciben su vista

Nota: Ser específico acerca de lo que necesitamos es diferente a decirle a Dios CÓMO queremos que responda nuestra oración. Jesús usó todo tipo de formas para sanar a las personas. El punto no es cómo los curó, sino que los curó. Imagen de un ciego diciéndole a Jesús cómo sanarlo. “Quiero curarme y quiero que escupas en la tierra, hagas barro, lo pegues en mis ojos”, etc. El “cómo” se dejó a la dirección del Espíritu Santo trabajando a través de Cristo para hacer la voluntad del Padre. .

3. Pregunta (29-34): (Véase también 1 Juan 5: 14-15) ¿Por qué crees que Jesús les preguntó qué querían que hiciera por ellos?

Video opcional de 6 minutos sobre la oración:

https: //

Mateo 21

La entrada triunfal

4. Pregunta (1-17): los cristianos con frecuencia dicen que el mismo grupo de personas que alabó a Jesús en su entrada triunfal fueron los mismos que lo crucificaron menos de una semana después. Según las Escrituras, ¿cómo sabemos que no era el mismo grupo de personas? ¿Qué dice esto acerca de la necesidad de estudiar la Biblia por ti mismo?

Lectura 3, Mateo 21: 16-46

La higuera marchita

5. Pregunta (18-22): ¿Por qué crees que Dios le da tanta importancia a que tengamos fe que nos escucha y responderá cuando oremos (véase también Hebreos 11: 6)? ¿Por qué Jesús enseñó es pedirle a nuestro Padre celestial en el nombre de Jesús (Juan 14: 12-14)?

La autoridad de Jesús cuestionada

6. Pregunta (23-27): ¿Te destaca algo en la forma en que Jesús respondió a los principales sacerdotes y ancianos?

La parábola de los dos hijos

7. Pregunta (28-32): ¿Qué te dice personalmente la parábola de los dos hijos?

La parábola de los viñedos malvados

8. Pregunta (33-48): En esta parábola, ¿de qué crees que Jesús está hablando cuando dice que el reino de Dios sería tomado de ellos y entregado a una nación (pueblo) que dará sus frutos? ¿Qué tipo de frutas?

Lectura 4, Mateo 22: 1-22

Mateo 22

La parábola de la fiesta de bodas

9. Pregunta (1-14): ¿Qué sacas de esta parábola?

Los fariseos: ¿es legal pagar impuestos al César?

10. Pregunta (15-22): ¿Qué crees que necesitamos para darle a Dios lo que es suyo?

Lectura 5, Mateo 22: 23-46

Los saduceos: ¿Qué pasa con la resurrección?

11. Pregunta (23-33): Los saduceos estaban muy bien informados acerca de las Escrituras, pero carecían de fe en Dios y en su plan, y no creían en la resurrección. ¿Cuál crees que es la diferencia entre conocer las Escrituras y conocer las Escrituras y el poder de Dios?

Los escribas: ¿Cuál es el primer mandamiento de todos?

12. Pregunta (34-40): ¿Qué crees que quiso decir Jesús al decir: “De estos dos mandamientos depende toda la Ley y los Profetas”.

Week 8, Matthew 20-22

Reading 1, Matthew 20:1- 28

Matthew 20 

The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard

“For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. Now when he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the marketplace, and said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went. Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing idle, and said to them, ‘Why have you been standing here idle all day?’ They said to him, ‘Because no one hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right you will receive.’

“So when evening had come, the owner of the vineyard said to his steward, ‘Call the laborers and give them their wages, beginning with the last to the first.’ And when those came who were hired about the eleventh hour, they each received a denarius. 10 But when the first came, they supposed that they would receive more; and they likewise received each a denarius. 11 And when they had received it, theycomplained against the landowner, 12 saying, ‘These last men have worked only one hour, and you made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the heat of the day.’ 13 But he answered one of them and said, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? 14 Take what is yours and go your way. I wish to give to this last man the same as to you. 15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things? Or is your eye evil because I am good?’ 16 So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.”

1. Question (1-16): What do you think is the main point in this parable? What takeaway do you find in this for yourself?

Jesus a Third Time Foretells His Death and Resurrection

17 Now Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples aside on the road and said to them, 18 “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death, 19 and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again.”

Greatness Is Serving

20 Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Him with her sons, kneeling down and asking something from Him.

21 And He said to her, “What do you wish?”

She said to Him, “Grant that these two sons of mine may sit, one on Your right hand and the other on the left, in Your kingdom.”

22 But Jesus answered and said, “You do not know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?”

They said to Him, “We are able.”

23 So He said to them, “You will indeed drink My cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with; but to sit on My right hand and on My left is not Mine to give, but it is for those for whom it is prepared by My Father.”

24 And when the ten heard it, they were greatly displeased with the two brothers. 25 But Jesus called them to Himself and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise authority over them. 26 Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant.27 And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave—28 just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”

2. Question (25-28): What practice do you find in verses 25 – 28 for those who will follow Jesus?

Reading 2: Matthew 20: 29 – Matthew 21:15

Two Blind Men Receive Their Sight

29 Now as they went out of Jericho, a great multitude followed Him. 30 And behold, two blind men sitting by the road, when they heard that Jesus was passing by, cried out, saying, “Have mercy on us, O Lord, Son of David!”

31 Then the multitude warned them that they should be quiet; but they cried out all the more, saying, “Have mercy on us, O Lord, Son of David!”

32 So Jesus stood still and called them, and said, “What do you want Me to do for you?”

33 They said to Him, “Lord, that our eyes may be opened.” 34 So Jesus had compassion and touched their eyes. And immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed Him.

Note: Being specific about what we need is different than tell God HOW we want Him to answer our prayer.  Jesus used all types of ways in healing people.  The point is not how He healed them, but that He healed them.  Image a blind man telling Jesus how to heal him.  “I want healed and I want you to spit in the dirt, make mud, paste it on my eyes,” etc…  The “how” was left up to the leading of the Holy Spirit working through Christ to do the Father’s will.

3. Question (29-34): (See also 1 John 5:14-15) Why do you think Jesus asked them what they wanted Him to do for them? 

Optional 6-minute video on prayer:

Matthew 21 

The Triumphal Entry

Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them to Me. And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and immediately he will send them.”

[b]All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:

“Tell the daughter of Zion,
‘Behold, your King is coming to you,
Lowly, and sitting on a donkey,
A colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ”

So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them. They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road. Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying:

“Hosanna to the Son of David!
‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’
Hosanna in the highest!”

10 And when He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, “Who is this?”

11 So the multitudes said, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.”

12 Then Jesus went into the temple [d]of God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 13 And He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’ ”

14 Then the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them. 15 But when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that He did, and the children crying out in the temple and saying, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” they were indignant16 and said to Him, “Do You hear what these are saying?”

And Jesus said to them, “Yes. Have you never read,

‘Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants
You have perfected praise’?”

17 Then He left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and He lodged there.

4. Question (1-17): Christians frequently say that the same group of people that praised Jesus on His triumphal entry were the same ones that crucified Him less than a week later.  Based on the scripture, how do we know that it was not the same group of people?  What does this say about the need to study the bible for yourself?

Reading 3, Matthew 21:16-46

The Fig Tree Withered

18 Now in the morning, as He returned to the city, He was hungry. 19 And seeing a fig tree by the road, He came to it and found nothing on it but leaves, and said to it, “Let no fruit grow on you ever again.”  Immediately the fig tree withered away.

20 And when the disciples saw it, they marveled, saying, “How did the fig tree wither away so soon?”

21 So Jesus answered and said to them, “Assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but also if you say to this mountain, ‘Be removed and be cast into the sea,’ it will be done. 22 And whatever things you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.”

5. Question (18-22):  Why do you think God puts such importance on us having faith that He hears us and will answer when we pray (see also Hebrews 11:6)? Why did Jesus teach is to ask our heavenly Father in Jesus’ name (John 14:12-14)?

Jesus’ Authority Questioned

23 Now when He came into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people confronted Him as He was teaching, and said, “By what authority are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority?”

24 But Jesus answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one thing, which if you tell Me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things: 25 The baptism of John—where was it from? From heaven or from men?”

And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say to us, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ 26 But if we say, ‘From men,’ we fear the multitude, for all count John as a prophet.” 27 So they answered Jesus and said, “We do not know.”

And He said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.

6. Question (23-27): Does anything stand out to you in the way Jesus responded to the chief priests and elders?

The Parable of the Two Sons

28 “But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go, work today in my vineyard.’ 29 He answered and said, ‘I will not,’ but afterward he regretted it and went. 30 Then he came to the second and said likewise. And he answered and said, ‘I go, sir,’ but he did not go. 31 Which of the two did the will of his father?”

They said to Him, “The first.”

Jesus said to them, “Assuredly, I say to you that tax collectors and harlots enter the kingdom of God before you. 32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him; but tax collectors and harlots believed him; and when you saw it, you did not afterward relent and believe him.

7. Question (28-32):  What does the parable of the two sons say to you personally?

The Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers

33 “Hear another parable: There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it and built a tower. And he leased it to vinedressers and went into a far country.34 Now when vintage-time drew near, he sent his servants to the vinedressers, that they might receive its fruit. 35 And the vinedressers took his servants, beat one, killed one, and stoned another. 36 Again he sent other servants, more than the first, and they did likewise to them.37 Then last of all he sent his son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 38 But when the vinedressers saw the son, they said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.’ 39 So they took him and cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.

40 “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vinedressers?”

41 They said to Him, “He will destroy those wicked men miserably, and lease his vineyard to other vinedressers who will [g]render to him the fruits in their seasons.”

42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures:

‘The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone.
This was the Lord’s doing,
And it is marvelous in our eyes’?

43 “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it. 44 And whoever falls on this stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.”

45 Now when the chief priests and Pharisees heard His parables, they [h]perceived that He was speaking of them. 46 But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they feared the multitudes, because they took Him for a prophet.

8. Question (33-48): In this parable, what do you think Jesus is talking about when He says the kingdom of God would be taken from them and given to a nation (people) that will bear the fruits of it?  What kind of fruits?

Reading 4, Matthew 22:1-22

Matthew 22 

The Parable of the Wedding Feast

And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables and said: “The kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who arranged a marriage for his son, and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding; and they were not willing to come. Again, he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “See, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and fatted cattle are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the wedding.” ’ But they made light of it and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his business. And the rest seized his servants, treated them spitefully, and killed them. But when the king heard about it, he was furious. And he sent out his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. Then he said to his servants, ‘The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. Therefore go into the highways, and as many as you find, invite to the wedding.’ 10 So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests.

11 “But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw a man there who did not have on a wedding garment. 12 So he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. 13 Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, [j]take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

14 “For many are called, but few are chosen.”

9. Question (1-14): What do you get out of this parable?

The Pharisees: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar?

15 Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk. 16 And they sent to Him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth; nor do You care about anyone, for You do not [k]regard the person of men. 17 Tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”

18 But Jesus [l]perceived their wickedness, and said, “Why do you test Me, you hypocrites? 19 Show Me the tax money.”

So they brought Him a denarius.

20 And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”

21 They said to Him, “Caesar’s.”

And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 22 When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left Him and went their way.

10. Question (15-22): What do you think we need to render to God that which is His?

Reading 5, Matthew 22:23-46

The Sadducees: What About the Resurrection?

23 The same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him and asked Him, 24 saying: “Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 25 Now there were with us seven brothers. The first died after he had married, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother. 26 Likewise the second also, and the third, even to the seventh. 27 Last of all the woman died also. 28 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had her.”

29 Jesus answered and said to them, “You are [n]mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels [o]of God in heaven. 31 But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying, 32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” 33 And when the multitudes heard this, they were astonished at His teaching.

11. Question (23-33): The Sadducees were very knowledgeable about the scriptures but lacked faith in God and His plan, and did not believe in the resurrection.  What do you think is the difference between knowing about the scriptures, and knowing the scriptures and the power of God?

The Scribes: Which Is the First Commandment of All?

34 But when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together. 35 Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, 36 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?”

37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

12. Question (34-40): What do you think Jesus meant by saying, “On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

Jesus: How Can David Call His Descendant Lord?

41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 42 saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He?”

They said to Him, “The Son of David.”

43 He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:

44 ‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool” ’?

45 If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his Son?” 46 And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.

Semana 7: Mateo 17-19

Lectura 1, Mateo 17: 1-21

Jesús transfigurado en el monte

Un niño es sanado

1. Pregunta (14-21): ¿Qué habría sido necesario para expulsar a este “tipo” de demonio? ¿Alguna idea sobre por qué?

Lectura 2, Mateo 17: 22-18: 5

Jesús nuevamente predice su muerte y resurrección

Pedro y su maestro pagan sus impuestos

2. Pregunta (22-27): ¿Qué podemos aprender de esta situación de tener razón y no ofender a los demás? (Ver también Pablo sobre comer carne, 1 Corintios 8: 10-13).

Mateo 18

¿Quién es el más grande?

3. Pregunta (1-5): ¿Por qué crees que es importante ser como un niño pequeño para entrar en el reino de los cielos y ser grande en el reino de los cielos?

Lectura 3, Mateo 18: 6-20

Jesús advierte sobre ofensas

4. Pregunta (6-7): ¿Qué deberíamos estar haciendo en lugar de hacer que los niños y las personas caigan en pecado? Si ofendemos a alguien, ¿qué debemos hacer y por qué?

Nota: Jesús solía usar metáforas y lenguaje de imágenes para enseñar (es decir, a menos que comas mi carne y bebas mi sangre …).

5. Pregunta (8-9): ¿Qué crees que Jesús nos está enseñando a practicar aquí?

La parábola de las ovejas perdidas

6. Pregunta (10-14): ¿Cuál es el deseo de Dios para los niños y por qué crees que Jesús los mencionó específicamente en estos versículos?

Tratando con un hermano pecador

Lectura 4, Mateo 18: 21-19: 12

La parábola del siervo que no perdona

7. Pregunta (21-36): ¿Qué cosa importante aprendemos acerca de practicar el perdón en estos versículos? ¿Cuál es nuestra base para perdonar a otros de sus pecados?

Mateo 19

Matrimonio y Divorcio

8. Pregunta (1-12): ¿Cómo evitamos la manifestación externa del adulterio y todos los demás pecados externos (Ver también Mateo 5: 27-29? ¿Cuán exitosos es probable que tengamos en “manejar” el pecado externo sin caminar continuamente? arrepentimiento por dentro? ¿Qué enseña Jesús a este respecto?

Lectura 5, Mateo 19: 13-30

Jesús bendice a los niños pequeños

Jesús aconseja al joven rico

9. Pregunta (13-22): ¿Por qué crees que Jesús le dijo a este joven rico algo diferente (“por qué llamarme bueno” y “vende todo lo que tienes”) de lo que le dijo a Zaqueo, que también era rico (ver Lucas 19 : 1-10)?

Con Dios todo es posible

10. Pregunta (23-26): ¿Qué esperanza ganamos del versículo 26 al orar por nuestra familia y amigos que están perdidos y sin la esperanza de Cristo?

11. Pregunta (27-29): ¿Dónde es un buen lugar para comenzar a seguir drásticamente a Jesús como se ve en el versículo 29, “todos los que han dejado casas o hermanos o hermanas o padre o madre o esposa o hijos o tierras, por mi nombre! sake, recibirá cien veces más y heredará la vida eterna ”?

Week 7: Matthew 17 – 19

Reading 1, Matthew 17:1-21

Jesus Transfigured on the Mount

Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, [as]let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!” And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were greatly afraid. But Jesus came and touched them and said, “Arise, and do not be afraid.” When they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus only.

Now as they came down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying, “Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man is risen from the dead.”

10 And His disciples asked Him, saying, “Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”

11 Jesus answered and said to them, “Indeed, Elijah is coming [at]first and will restore all things. 12 But I say to you that Elijah has come already, and they did not know him but did to him whatever they wished. Likewise the Son of Man is also about to suffer at their hands.” 13 Then the disciples understood that He spoke to them of John the Baptist.

A Boy Is Healed

14 And when they had come to the multitude, a man came to Him, kneeling down to Him and saying, 15 “Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is [au]an epileptic and suffers severely; for he often falls into the fire and often into the water. 16 So I brought him to Your disciples, but they could not cure him.”

17 Then Jesus answered and said, “O [av]faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I bear with you? Bring him here to Me.” 18 And Jesus rebuked the demon, and it came out of him; and the child was cured from that very hour.

19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, “Why could we not cast it out?”

20 So Jesus said to them, “Because of your [aw]unbelief; for assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible for you. 21 [ax]However, this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting.”

1. Question: What would have been necessary to cast out this “kind” of demon?  Any thoughts on why?

Reading 2, Matthew 17: 22- 18:5

Jesus Again Foretells His Death and Resurrection

22 Now while they were [ay]staying in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men, 23 and they will kill Him, and the third day He will be raised up.” And they were exceedingly sorrowful.

Peter and His Master Pay Their Taxes

24 When they had come to [az]Capernaum, those who received the [ba]temple tax came to Peter and said, “Does your Teacher not pay the temple tax?”

25 He said, “Yes.”

And when he had come into the house, Jesus anticipated him, saying, “What do you think, Simon? From whom do the kings of the earth take customs or taxes, from their sons or from strangers?”

26 Peter said to Him, “From strangers.”

Jesus said to him, “Then the sons are free. 27 Nevertheless, lest we offend them, go to the sea, cast in a hook, and take the fish that comes up first. And when you have opened its mouth, you will find a [bb]piece of money; take that and give it to them for Me and you.”

2. Question: What can we learn from this situation of being right and yet not offending others?  (See also Paul on eating meat, 1 Corinthians 8:10-13).

Matthew 18 

Who Is the Greatest?

At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who then is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?”

Then Jesus called a little child to Him, set him in the midst of them, and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted (turn or change) and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. Whoever receives one little child like this in My name receives Me.

3. Question:  Why do you think it is important to be like a little child to enter the kingdom of heaven, and to become great in the kingdom of heaven?

Reading 3, Matthew 18:6-20

Jesus Warns of Offenses

“But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depth of the sea. Woe to the world because of[bc]offenses! For offenses must come, but woe to that man by whom the offense comes!

4. Question: What should we be doing instead of causing children and people to fall into sin?  If we offend someone, what should we do and why?

“If your hand or foot causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life lame or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into the everlasting fire. And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes, to be cast into [bd]hell fire.

Note: Jesus often used metaphors and picture language to teach (i.e., unless you eat my flesh and drink my blood…). 

5. Question (8-9):  What do you think Jesus is teaching us to practice here.

The Parable of the Lost Sheep

10 “Take heed that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that in heaven their angels always see the face of My Father who is in heaven. 11 For[be] the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.

12 “What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine and go to the mountains to seek the one that is straying? 13 And if he should find it, assuredly, I say to you, he rejoices more over that sheep than over the ninety-nine that did not go astray. 14 Even so it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.

6. Question (10-14): What is God’s desire for Children, and why do you think Jesus mentioned them specifically in these verses?

Dealing with a Sinning Brother

15 “Moreover if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother. 16 But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.’17 And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax collector.

18 “Assuredly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.

19 “Again[bf] I say to you that if two of you agree on earth concerning anything that they ask, it will be done for them by My Father in heaven.20 For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.”

Reading 4, Matthew 18:21-19:12

The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant

21 Then Peter came to Him and said, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?”

22 Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven. 23 Therefore the kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. 24 And when he had begun to settle accounts, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents. 25 But as he was not able to pay, his master commanded that he be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and that payment be made. 26 The servant therefore fell down before him, saying, ‘Master, have patience with me, and I will pay you all.’ 27 Then the master of that servant was moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.

28 “But that servant went out and found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and he laid hands on him and took him by the throat, saying, ‘Pay me what you owe!’ 29 So his fellow servant fell down [bg]at his feet and begged him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you [bh]all.’ 30 And he would not, but went and threw him into prison till he should pay the debt. 31 So when his fellow servants saw what had been done, they were very grieved, and came and told their master all that had been done. 32 Then his master, after he had called him, said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you begged me. 33 Should you not also have had compassion on your fellow servant, just as I had pity on you?’ 34 And his master was angry, and delivered him to the torturers until he should pay all that was due to him.

35 “So My heavenly Father also will do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother [bi]his trespasses.”

7. Question (21-36):  What important thing do we learn about practicing forgiveness in these verses?  What is our basis for forgiving others of their sins?

Matthew 19 

Marriage and Divorce

Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these sayings, that He departed from Galilee and came to the region of Judea beyond the Jordan. And great multitudes followed Him, and He healed them there.

The Pharisees also came to Him, testing Him, and saying to Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason?”

And He answered and said to them, “Have you not read that He who[bj]made them at the beginning ‘made them male and female,’ and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’? So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.”

They said to Him, “Why then did Moses command to give a certificate of divorce, and to put her away?”

He said to them, “Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, permitted you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so. And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for [bk]sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery.”

10 His disciples said to Him, “If such is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry.”

11 But He said to them, “All cannot accept this saying, but only those to whom it has been given: 12 For there are [bl]eunuchs who were born thus from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven’s sake. He who is able to accept it, let him accept it.”

8. Question: How do we avoid the outward manifestation of adultery and all other outward sins (See also Matthew 5:27-29?  How successful are we likely to be at “managing” outward sin without continuously walking in repentance on the inside? What does Jesus teach in this regard?

Reading 5, Matthew 19:13-30

Jesus Blesses Little Children

13 Then little children were brought to Him that He might put His hands on them and pray, but the disciples rebuked them. 14 But Jesus said, “Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.” 15 And He laid His hands on them and departed from there.

Jesus Counsels the Rich Young Ruler

16 Now behold, one came and said to Him, “Good[bm] Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?”

17 So He said to him, [bn]“Why do you call Me good? [bo]No one is good but One, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.”

18 He said to Him, “Which ones?”

Jesus said, “‘You shall not murder,’ ‘You shall not commit adultery,’ ‘You shall not steal,’ ‘You shall not bear false witness,’ 19 ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ ”

20 The young man said to Him, “All these things I have kept [bp]from my youth. What do I still lack?”

21 Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”

22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions.

9. Question: Why do you think Jesus told this young rich man something different (“why call me good” and “sell all that you have”) than He told Zacchaeus, who was also wealthy (See Luke 19:1-10)?

With God All Things Are Possible

23 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “Assuredly, I say to you that it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. 24 And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”

25 When His disciples heard it, they were greatly astonished, saying, “Who then can be saved?”

26 But Jesus looked at them and said to them, “With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”

10. Question: What hope do we gain from verse 26 in praying for our family and friends that are lost and without the hope of Christ?

27 Then Peter answered and said to Him, “See, we have left all and followed You. Therefore what shall we have?”

28 So Jesus said to them, “Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother [bq]or wife or children or [br]lands, for My name’s sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life. 30 But many who are first will be last, and the last first.

11. Question: Where is a good place to start on drastically following Jesus as seen in verse 29, “everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My name’s sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life”?

Semana 6, Mateo 14-16

Lectura 1: Mateo 14: 1-21

Mateo 14

Juan el Bautista decapitado

Alimentando a los cinco mil

1. Pregunta (1-21): ¿Qué se destaca en la interacción entre los discípulos y Jesús que lleva a Jesús a alimentar a la multitud?

Lectura 2, Mateo 14:22 – 15:10

Jesús camina sobre el mar

2. Pregunta (22-33): ¿Cómo podemos crecer en la fe de que nuestro Señor nos capacitará para hacer Su obra, “salvarnos” en medio de nuestras circunstancias o inyectarnos en nuestras situaciones?

Muchos lo tocan y se curan bien

3. Pregunta (34-36): ¿Alguna idea sobre por qué en algunos casos las personas fueron curadas al tocar el borde de Su prenda, en otros casos Él tomó medidas para sanarlas?

Mateo 15

La contaminación viene de adentro

4. Pregunta (1-15): Basado en el contexto de los versículos 1-7, ¿qué obtienes de los versículos 8 y 9? ¿Cómo podemos practicar lo que Dios está mirando?

Lectura 3, Mateo 15: 10-28

Lo que contamina a una persona

5. Pregunta (10-20): ¿Cómo practicamos vivir sin mancha delante de Dios en los versículos 18-19?

Un gentil muestra su fe

6. Pregunta (21-28): ¿Qué demostró que esta mujer tenía una gran fe y qué podemos aprender de esto?

Lectura 4, Mateo 15:29 – 16:12

Jesús sana a grandes multitudes

Alimentando a los cuatro mil

7. Pregunta (29-39): ¿Por qué crees que los discípulos no parecían aprender nada de la alimentación previa de las multitudes? ¿Cuáles son algunas formas en que hemos hecho lo mismo?

Mateo 16

Los fariseos y saduceos buscan una señal

Nota: Mientras Jesús estaba haciendo muchos milagros, los fariseos de corazón duro e incrédulos no creían y solo pedían algo más grande. La respuesta de Jesús fue que la única señal que recibirían era la señal de Jonás. Como Jonás estuvo en el vientre de la ballena durante 3 días y 3 noches, Jesús estaría en el corazón de la tierra durante tres días y tres noches y luego resucitaría. (Mateo 12: 38-42).

8. Pregunta (1-4): ¿Cuál fue el problema con los fariseos buscando una señal?

La levadura de los fariseos y saduceos

9. Pregunta (5-12): De lo que has visto hasta ahora en el libro de Mateo, ¿de qué crees que estaba hablando Jesús cuando les dijo que fueran conscientes de la levadura o la doctrina de los fariseos?

Lectura 5, Mateo 16: 13-28

Pedro confiesa a Jesús como el Cristo

10. Preguntas (13-20): ¿Quién dijo Cristo que edificaría la iglesia? ¿Cuál crees que es la conexión entre las puertas del infierno que no pueden prevalecer contra la iglesia de Cristo, las llaves del reino de Dios / cielo, y la atadura y la pérdida? ¿Crees que esto fue solo para Pedro, o para todos aquellos que estarían haciendo la obra del reino, la voluntad de Dios y la construcción de su iglesia (Mateo 28:20)?

Jesús predice su muerte y resurrección

Toma tu cruz y síguelo

11. Pregunta (21-28): ¿Qué crees que Jesús quiso decir al decir: “Si alguien quiere venir a por mí, que se niegue a sí mismo, tome su cruz y me siga”. ¿Cuál crees que es la diferencia entre decir que eres cristiano y en la práctica de seguir a Cristo? (Ver Lucas 6: 45-46).

Week 6, Matthew 14 – 16

Reading 1: Matthew 14:1-21

Matthew 14 

John the Baptist Beheaded

At that time Herod the tetrarch heard the report about Jesus and said to his servants, “This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead, and therefore these powers are at work in him.” For Herod had laid hold of John and bound him, and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife. Because John had said to him, “It is not lawful for you to have her.” And although he wanted to put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet.

But when Herod’s birthday was celebrated, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod. Therefore he promised with an oath to give her whatever she might ask.

So she, having been prompted by her mother, said, “Give me John the Baptist’s head here on a platter.”

And the king was sorry; nevertheless, because of the oaths and because of those who sat with him, he commanded it to be given to her.10 So he sent and had John beheaded in prison. 11 And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. 12 Then his disciples came and took away the body and buried it, and went and told Jesus.

Feeding the Five Thousand

13 When Jesus heard it, He departed from there by boat to a deserted place by Himself. But when the multitudes heard it, they followed Him on foot from the cities. 14 And when Jesus went out He saw a great multitude; and He was moved with compassion for them, and healed their sick. 15 When it was evening, His disciples came to Him, saying, “This is a deserted place, and the hour is already late. Send the multitudes away, that they may go into the villages and buy themselves food.”

16 But Jesus said to them, “They do not need to go away. You give them something to eat.”

17 And they said to Him, “We have here only five loaves and two fish.”

18 He said, “Bring them here to Me.” 19 Then He commanded the multitudes to sit down on the grass. And He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, He blessed and broke and gave the loaves to the disciples; and the disciples gave to the multitudes. 20 So they all ate and were filled, and they took up twelve baskets full of the fragments that remained. 21 Now those who had eaten were about five thousand men, besides women and children.

1. Question (1-21): What stands out to you in the interaction between the disciples and Jesus leading up to Jesus feeding the multitude?

Reading 2, Matthew 14:22 – 15:10

Jesus Walks on the Sea

22 Immediately Jesus [v]made His disciples get into the boat and go before Him to the other side, while He sent the multitudes away. 23 And when He had sent the multitudes away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray. Now when evening came, He was alone there. 24 But the boat was now [w]in the middle of the sea, tossed by the waves, for the wind was contrary.

25 Now in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went to them, walking on the sea. 26 And when the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, “It is a ghost!” And they cried out for fear.

27 But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, [x]“Be of good cheer![y]It is I; do not be afraid.”

28 And Peter answered Him and said, “Lord, if it is You, command me to come to You on the water.”

29 So He said, “Come.” And when Peter had come down out of the boat, he walked on the water to go to Jesus. 30 But when he saw [z]that the wind was boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink he cried out, saying, “Lord, save me!”

31 And immediately Jesus stretched out His hand and caught him, and said to him, “O you of little faith, why did you doubt?” 32 And when they got into the boat, the wind ceased.

33 Then those who were in the boat [aa]came and worshiped Him, saying, “Truly You are the Son of God.”

2. Question (22-33): How can we grow in faith that our Lord will empower us for doing His work, “save us” in the midst of our circumstances, or inject Himself into our situations?

Many Touch Him and Are Made Well

34 When they had crossed over, they came [ab]to the land of Gennesaret. 35 And when the men of that place recognized Him, they sent out into all that surrounding region, brought to Him all who were sick, 36 and begged Him that they might only touch the hem of His garment. And as many as touched it were made perfectly well.

3. Question (34-36):  Any thoughts on why in some cases people were healed by touching the hem of His garment, in other cases He took action to heal them?

Defilement Comes from Within

Matthew 15 

Then the scribes and Pharisees who were from Jerusalem came to Jesus, saying, “Why do Your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.”

He answered and said to them, “Why do you also transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition? For God commanded, saying, ‘Honor your father and your mother’; and, ‘He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death.’ But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or mother, “Whatever profit you might have received from me is a gift to God”— then he need not honor his father [ac]or mother.’ Thus you have made the [ad]commandment of God of no effect by your tradition. Hypocrites! Well did Isaiah prophesy about you, saying:

‘These people [ae]draw near to Me with their mouth,
And honor Me with their lips,
But their heart is far from Me.
And in vain they worship Me,
Teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ ”

4. Question (1-15): Based on the context of verses 1-7, what do you get out of verses 8 and 9?  How can we practice what God is looking?

Reading 3, Matthew 15:10-28

10 When He had called the multitude to Himself, He said to them, “Hear and understand: 11 Not what goes into the mouth defiles a man; but what comes out of the mouth, this defiles a man.”

12 Then His disciples came and said to Him, “Do You know that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this saying?”

13 But He answered and said, “Every plant which My heavenly Father has not planted will be uprooted. 14 Let them alone. They are blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind leads the blind, both will fall into a ditch.”

15 Then Peter answered and said to Him, “Explain this parable to us.”

16 So Jesus said, “Are you also still without understanding? 17 Do you not yet understand that whatever enters the mouth goes into the stomach and is eliminated? 18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and they defile a man. 19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies. 20 These are the things which defile a man, but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man.”

5. Question (10-20): How do we practice living undefiled before God in verses 18-19.

A Gentile Shows Her Faith

21 Then Jesus went out from there and departed to the region of Tyre and Sidon. 22 And behold, a woman of Canaan came from that region and cried out to Him, saying, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! My daughter is severely demon-possessed.”

23 But He answered her not a word.

And His disciples came and urged Him, saying, “Send her away, for she cries out after us.”

24 But He answered and said, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”

25 Then she came and worshiped Him, saying, “Lord, help me!”

26 But He answered and said, “It is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the little dogs.”

27 And she said, “Yes, Lord, yet even the little dogs eat the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table.”

28 Then Jesus answered and said to her, “O woman, great is your faith! Let it be to you as you desire.” And her daughter was healed from that very hour.

6. Question (21-28): What demonstrated that this woman had great faith and what can we learn from this?

Reading 4, Matthew 15:29 – 16:12

Jesus Heals Great Multitudes

29 Jesus departed from there, skirted the Sea of Galilee, and went up on the mountain and sat down there. 30 Then great multitudes came to Him, having with them the lame, blind, mute, [af]maimed, and many others; and they laid them down at Jesus’ feet, and He healed them. 31 So the multitude marveled when they saw the mute speaking, the [ag]maimed made whole, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel.

Feeding the Four Thousand

32 Now Jesus called His disciples to Himself and said, “I have compassion on the multitude, because they have now continued with Me three days and have nothing to eat. And I do not want to send them away hungry, lest they faint on the way.”

33 Then His disciples said to Him, “Where could we get enough bread in the wilderness to fill such a great multitude?”

34 Jesus said to them, “How many loaves do you have?”

And they said, “Seven, and a few little fish.”

35 So He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground. 36 And He took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks, broke them and gave them to His disciples; and the disciples gave to the multitude. 37 So they all ate and were filled, and they took up seven large baskets full of the fragments that were left. 38 Now those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. 39 And He sent away the multitude, got into the boat, and came to the region of [ah]Magdala.

7. Question (29-39): Why do you think the disciples did not seem to learn anything from the previous feeding of the multitudes?  What are some ways in which we have done the same?

Matthew 16 

The Pharisees and Sadducees Seek a Sign

Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven. He answered and said to them, “When it is evening you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red’; and in the morning, ‘It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ [ai]Hypocrites! You know how to discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of the times. A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of [aj]the prophet Jonah.” And He left them and departed.

Note: While Jesus was doing many miracles, the hard hearted and unbelieving Pharisees would not believe and only asked for something bigger.  Jesus’ response was that the only sign they would receive was the sign of Jonah.  As Jonah was in the belly of the whale for 3 days and 3 nights, so Jesus would be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights and then rise again. (Matthew 12:38-42).

8. Question (1-4): What was the problem with the Pharisees looking for a sign?

The Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees

Now when His disciples had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread. Then Jesus said to them, “Take heed and beware of the[ak]leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.”

And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “It is because we have taken no bread.”

But Jesus, being aware of it, said to them, “O you of little faith, why do you reason among yourselves because you [al]have brought no bread?Do you not yet understand, or remember the five loaves of the five thousand and how many baskets you took up? 10 Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets you took up? 11 How is it you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread?—but to beware of the [am]leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” 12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the [an]doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

9. Question (5-12): From what you have seen so far in the book of Matthew, what do you think Jesus was talking about when he told them to be aware of the leaven or doctrine of the Pharisees? 

Reading 5, Matthew 16:13-28

Peter Confesses Jesus as the Christ

13 When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”

14 So they said, “Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

17 Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah,for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. 18 And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not [ao]prevail against it. 19 And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth [ap]will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”

20 Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ.

10. Questions (13-20):  Who did Christ say would build the church? What do you think is the connection between the gates of hell not being able to prevail against Christ’s church, the keys of the kingdom of God/heaven, and binding and loosing?  Do you think this was only for Peter, or for all those who would be doing the work of the kingdom, the will of God, and building His church (Matthew 28:20)? 

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection

21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.

22 Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, [aq]“Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You!”

23 But He turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are [ar]an offense to Me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.”

Question: Why do you think Jesus said to Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan,” when Peter said, “Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You!”  Satan was already planning to kill Jesus and use the religious leaders to lead the charge.  (Hint, remember Satan’s character and what he is like. See John 10:10)

Take Up your Cross and Follow Him

24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. 25 For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. 26 For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? 27 For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according to his works.28 Assuredly, I say to you, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”

11. Question (21-28): What do you think Jesus meant by saying, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.”  What do you think is the difference between saying you are a Christian and actually in the practicing following Christ?” (See Luke 6:45-46).

Semana 5, Mateo 11-13

Semana 5, Mateo 11-13

Lectura 1, Mateo 11: 1-30

Juan el Bautista envía mensajeros a Jesús

1. Pregunta (1-15): ¿Cómo es el menor en el reino de los cielos más grande que Juan el Bautista (Pista, Jesús está comparando cosas en dos reinos diferentes, terrenal y celestial)?

¡Ay de las ciudades imperantes!

2. Pregunta (20-24): Cuando dice: “Él comenzó a reprender a las ciudades en las que se habían realizado la mayoría de sus poderosas obras, porque no se arrepintieron”, ¿qué crees que no rechazaron? que les valió esta reprensión y los mantuvo alejados del reino de Dios?

Jesús da verdadero descanso

Nota: El yugo en este contexto es la enseñanza del rabino, maestro o maestro. Asumir su enseñanza sería creer y poner en práctica todo lo que el maestro enseñó y demostró.

3. Pregunta (25-30): ¿Cómo podemos practicar asumir las enseñanzas de Jesús, y qué bendición viene de hacer esto?

Lectura 2, Mateo 12: 1-30

Jesús es el señor del sábado

Notas: Jesús nuevamente hace referencia a Oseas 6: 6 en el versículo 7. En el Evangelio, cuando Jesús habla de saber algo, generalmente quiere decir saber por práctica o por hacer. En una ocasión, Jesús les dijo a los fariseos: “¿Por qué me llaman Señor, Señor y no hacen lo que les digo? Si practicas hacer lo que Jesús dice, entonces “lo conoces” como Señor. Si practica volverse a Dios y confiar en Él para suministrar todo lo que necesita, entonces lo conoce como Jehová Jireh, el Señor su proveedor. En nuestro mundo occidental influenciado por la cultura griega, cuando hablamos de saber algo, estamos diciendo que lo sabemos o que tenemos información al respecto. Aquí, cuando Jesús les dice a los fariseos, “si hubieras sabido lo que esto significa,” deseo misericordia y no sacrificio “, no habrías condenado a los inocentes”. Él decía que no conocen la misericordia porque no la practican. Si realmente hubieran entendido que fue por los sacrificios que sus pecados fueron expiados y estaban recibiendo misericordia de Dios en lugar de ser “espirituales” y ser justos por hacer un rito religioso, habrían sido misericordiosos con los demás. que juzgarlos.

4. Pregunta (1-8): ¿Cómo podemos crecer en ser misericordiosos con los demás como Dios ha sido misericordioso con nosotros en la forma en que pensamos y actuamos?

Curación en el día de reposo

Nota: Un espíritu de religión se preocupa por las reglas más que por agradar a Dios o por las personas a quienes Dios ama y busca redimir. También es muy crítico y condenador (es decir, una mujer atrapada en adulterio o los fariseos que condenan a Jesús a muerte).

5. Pregunta (9-14): ¿Qué evidencia ves en los versículos 9-14 del espíritu de la religión en el trabajo?

El siervo a quien he elegido

Una casa dividida no puede permanecer

6. Pregunta (22-30): Jesús dijo: “El que no está conmigo está contra mí, y el que no se reúne conmigo se dispersa en el extranjero”. ¿Cómo podemos estar con él?

Lectura 3, Mateo 12: 31-50

Blasfemia contra el Espíritu no perdonado

7. Pregunta (22-23): Basado en el contexto de los versículos 22-30, ¿qué es la blasfemia del Espíritu Santo?

Un árbol conocido por su fruto

8. Pregunta (33-37): Si resumieras los versículos 33-37 en una oración, ¿cuál sería?

Los escribas y fariseos piden una señal

9. Pregunta (38-42): ¿Cuál crees que fue el problema al buscar una señal?

Vuelve un espíritu inmundo

La madre y los hermanos de Jesús envían por él

Pregunta (46-50): ¿De qué crees que estaba hablando Jesús cuando dijo: “Porque el que hace la voluntad de mi Padre que está en los cielos es mi hermano, mi hermana y mi madre” (véase también Juan 1: 11-13, Juan 6 : 29, Juan 10: 27-28)?

Lectura 4, Mateo 13: 1-30

La parábola del sembrador

El propósito de las parábolas

La parábola del sembrador explicada

10. Pregunta (18-23): ¿De qué crees que Jesús está hablando en el versículo 23 en el contexto de los versículos 18-23?

La parábola del trigo y la cizaña

Lectura 5, Mateo 13: 31-58

La parábola de la semilla de mostaza

La parábola de la levadura

La profecía y las parábolas

La parábola de la cizaña explicada

11. Pregunta (36-43): ¿Dónde está el primer lugar donde debemos preocuparnos por la anarquía y por qué (ver Mateo 23: 27-28)? ¿Cómo lidiamos con la anarquía en el interior?

La parábola del tesoro escondido

La parábola de la perla de gran precio

La parábola de la red de arrastre

Jesús rechazado en Nazaret

12. Pregunta (53-58): Basado en lo que leemos en 53-58, ¿por qué Jesús no hizo muchas obras poderosas o milagros en su propia área? ¿Qué podemos aprender de esto?

Week 5, Matthew 11-13

Reading 1, Matthew 11:1-30

John the Baptist Sends Messengers to Jesus

Now it came to pass, when Jesus finished commanding His twelve disciples, that He departed from there to teach and to preach in their cities.

And when John had heard in prison about the works of Christ, he [a]sent two of his disciples and said to Him, “Are You the Coming One, or do we look for another?”

Jesus answered and said to them, “Go and tell John the things which you hear and see: The blind see and the lame walk; the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear; the dead are raised up and the poor have the good news preached to them. And blessed is he who is not offended because of Me.”

As they departed, Jesus began to say to the multitudes concerning John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft garments? Indeed, those who wear soft clothing are in kings’ houses.But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and more than a prophet. 10 For this is he of whom it is written:

‘Behold, I send My messenger before Your face,
Who will prepare Your way before You.’

11 “Assuredly, I say to you, among those born of women there has not risen one greater than John the Baptist; but he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. 12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force. 13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. 14 And if you are willing to receive it, he is Elijah who is to come.15 He who has ears to hear, let him hear!

1. Question: How are the least in the kingdom of heaven greater than John the Baptist (Hint, Jesus is comparing things in two different realms, earthly and heavenly)?

16 “But to what shall I liken this generation? It is like children sitting in the marketplaces and calling to their companions, 17 and saying:

‘We played the flute for you,
And you did not dance;
We mourned to you,
And you did not [b]lament.’

18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon.’ 19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look, a glutton and a [c]winebibber, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ But wisdom is justified by her [d]children.”

Woe to the Impenitent Cities

20 Then He began to rebuke the cities in which most of His mighty works had been done, because they did not repent: 21 “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. 22 But I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you. 23 And you, Capernaum, who[e] are exalted to heaven, will be brought down to Hades; for if the mighty works which were done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. 24 But I say to you that it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment than for you.”

2. Question:  When it says, “He began to rebuke the cities in which most of His mighty works had been done, because they did not repe­­nt,” What do you think they did not turn from that earned them this rebuke and kept them from the kingdom of God?

Jesus Gives True Rest

25 At that time Jesus answered and said, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and have revealed them to babes. 26 Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight. 27 All things have been delivered to Me by My Father, and no one knows the Son except the Father. Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him. 28 Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am[f]gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.”

Note:  The yoke in this context is the teaching of the rabbi, teacher or master.  To take on their teaching would be to fully believe and put into practice everything the master taught and demonstrated.

3. Question: How can we practice taking on Jesus’ teachings, and what blessing comes from doing this?

Reading 2, Matthew 12:1-30 

Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath

At that time Jesus went through the grain fields on the Sabbath. And His disciples were hungry, and began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, “Look, Your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath!”

But He said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: how he entered the house of God and ate the showbread which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? Or have you not read in the law that on the Sabbath the priests in the temple [g]profane the Sabbath, and are blameless? Yet I say to you that in this place there is One greater than the temple. But if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is Lord [h]even of the Sabbath.”

Notes: Jesus again references Hosea 6:6 in verse 7.  In the Gospel’s, when Jesus talks about knowing something, He generally means knowing by practice or doing.  On one occasion, Jesus said to the Pharisees, “why call me Lord, Lord and do not do what I say.  If you practice doing what Jesus says, then you “know” Him as Lord.  If you practice turning to God and putting your trust in Him to Supply all that you need, then you know Him as Jehovah Jireh, the Lord your provider.  In our western world influenced by Greek culture, when we speak of knowing something, we are saying that we know about it or have information on it.  Here, when Jesus says to the Pharisees, “if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless.” He was saying that they don’t know mercy because they don’t practice mercy. If they had really understood that it was by the sacrifices that their sins were being atoned for and they were receiving mercy from God rather than being “spiritual” and being self-righteous for doing a religious rite, they would have been merciful to others rather than judging them.

4. Question: How can we grow in being merciful to others as God has been merciful to us in the way we think and act?

Healing on the Sabbath

Now when He had departed from there, He went into their synagogue. 10 And behold, there was a man who had a withered hand. And they asked Him, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—that they might accuse Him.

11 Then He said to them, “What man is there among you who has one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? 12 Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.” 13 Then He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he stretched it out, and it was restored as whole as the other. 14 Then the Pharisees went out and plotted against Him, how they might destroy Him.

Note: A spirit of religion cares about rules rather than about pleasing God or about people whom God loves and seeks to redeem.  It is also very judgmental and condemning (i.e., woman caught in adultery or the Pharisees condemning Jesus to death).

5. Question: What evidence do you see in verses 9-14 of the spirit of religion at work?

Behold, My Servant

15 But when Jesus knew it, He withdrew from there. And great [i]multitudes followed Him, and He healed them all. 16 Yet He warned them not to make Him known, 17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying:

18 “Behold! My Servant whom I have chosen,
My Beloved in whom My soul is well pleased!
I will put My Spirit upon Him,
And He will declare justice to the Gentiles.
19 He will not quarrel nor cry out,
Nor will anyone hear His voice in the streets.
20 A bruised reed He will not break,
And smoking flax He will not quench,
Till He sends forth justice to victory;
21 And in His name Gentiles will trust.”

A House Divided Cannot Stand

22 Then one was brought to Him who was demon-possessed, blind and mute; and He healed him, so that the [j]blind and mute man both spoke and saw. 23 And all the multitudes were amazed and said, “Could this be the Son of David?”

24 Now when the Pharisees heard it they said, “This fellow does not cast out demons except by [k]Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.”

25 But Jesus knew their thoughts, and said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 26 If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges. 28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 Or how can one enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? And then he will plunder his house. 30 He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters abroad.

6. Question: Jesus said, “He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters abroad.”  How can we be with Him?

Reading 3, Matthew 12:1-30

Blasphemy against the Spirit not forgiven

31 “Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men.32 Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.

7. Question: Based on the context of verses 22-30, what is blasphemy of the Holy Spirit.

A Tree Known by Its Fruit

33 “Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for a tree is known by its fruit. 34 Brood[l] of vipers! How can you, being evil, speak good things? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. 35 A good man out of the good treasure [m]of his heart brings forth good things, and an evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth evil things. 36 But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment. 37 For by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”

8. Question: If you were to summarize verses 33 – 37 into one sentence, what would it be?

The Scribes and Pharisees Ask for a Sign

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered, saying, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from You.”

39 But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and indeed a greater than Jonah is here. 42 The queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and indeed a greater than Solomon is here.

9. Question: What do you think was the problem them looking for a sign (38-42)?

An Unclean Spirit Returns

43 “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none. 44 Then he says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when he comes, he finds it empty, swept, and put in order. 45 Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first. So shall it also be with this wicked generation.”

Jesus’ Mother and Brothers Send for Him

46 While He was still talking to the multitudes, behold, His mother and brothers stood outside, seeking to speak with Him. 47 Then one said to Him, “Look, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, seeking to speak with You.”

48 But He answered and said to the one who told Him, “Who is My mother and who are My brothers?” 49 And He stretched out His hand toward His disciples and said, “Here are My mother and My brothers!50 For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”

Question:  What do you think Jesus was talking about when He said, “For whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”  (see also John 1:11-13, John 6:29, John 10:27-28).

Reading 4, Matthew 13:1-30

The Parable of the Sower

On the same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the sea. And great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that He got into a boat and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore.

Then He spoke many things to them in parables, saying: “Behold, a sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seed fell by the wayside; and the birds came and devoured them. Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth. But when the sun was up they were scorched, and because they had no root they withered away. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up and choked them. But others fell on good ground and yielded a crop: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!”

The Purpose of Parables

10 And the disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”

11 He answered and said to them, “Because it has been given to you to know the [n]mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12 For whoever has, to him more will be given, and he will have abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. 13 Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 14 And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says:

‘Hearing you will hear and shall not understand,
And seeing you will see and not perceive;
15 For the hearts of this people have grown dull.
Their ears are hard of hearing,
And their eyes they have closed,
Lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears,
Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn,
So that I [o]should heal them.’

16 But blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears for they hear;17 for assuredly, I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

The Parable of the Sower Explained

18 “Therefore hear the parable of the sower: 19 When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is he who received seed by the wayside. 20 But he who received the seed on stony places, this is he who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; 21 yet he has no root in himself, but endures only for a while. For when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles. 22 Now he who received seed among the thorns is he who hears the word, and the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful. 23 But he who received seed on the good ground is he who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and produces: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.”

10. Question: What do you think Jesus is talking about in verse 23 in the context of verses 18-23?

The Parable of the Wheat and the Tares

24 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field; 25 but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat and went his way.26 But when the grain had sprouted and produced a crop, then the tares also appeared. 27 So the servants of the owner came and said to him, ‘Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?’ 28 He said to them, ‘An enemy has done this.’ The servants said to him, ‘Do you want us then to go and gather them up?’ 29 But he said, ‘No, lest while you gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, “First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.” ’ ”

Reading 5, Matthew 13:31-58

The Parable of the Mustard Seed

31 Another parable He put forth to them, saying: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field, 32 which indeed is the least of all the seeds; but when it is grown it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches.”

The Parable of the Leaven

33 Another parable He spoke to them: “The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three [p]measures of meal till it was all leavened.”

Prophecy and the Parables

34 All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them, 35 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:

“I will open My mouth in parables;
I will utter things kept secret from the foundation of the world.”

The Parable of the Tares Explained

36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him, saying, “Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field.”

37 He answered and said to them: “He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. 38 The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one. 39 The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels. 40 Therefore as the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of this age. 41 The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness, 42 and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!

11. Question:  Where is the first place we need to concern ourselves with lawlessness and why (see Matthew 23:27-28)?  How do we deal with lawlessness on the inside?

The Parable of the Hidden Treasure

44 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field, which a man found and hid; and for joy over it he goes and sells all that he has and buys that field.

The Parable of the Pearl of Great Price

45 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking beautiful pearls, 46 who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had and bought it.

The Parable of the Dragnet

47 “Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet that was cast into the sea and gathered some of every kind, 48 which, when it was full, they drew to shore; and they sat down and gathered the good into vessels, but threw the bad away. 49 So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come forth, separate the wicked from among the just, 50 and cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.”

51 [q]Jesus said to them, “Have you understood all these things?”

They said to Him, “Yes, [r]Lord.”

52 Then He said to them, “Therefore every [s]scribe instructed[t]concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things new and old.”

Jesus Rejected at Nazareth

53 Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these parables, that He departed from there. 54 When He had come to His own country, He taught them in their synagogue, so that they were astonished and said, “Where did this Man get this wisdom and these mighty works? 55 Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary? And His brothers James, [u]Joses, Simon, and Judas? 56 And His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this Man get all these things?” 57 So they were offended at Him.

But Jesus said to them, “A prophet is not without honor except in his own country and in his own house.” 58 Now He did not do many mighty works there because of their unbelief.

12. Question: Based on what we read in 53-58, why did Jesus not do many mighty works or miracles in His own area?  What can we learn from this?